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Compiled by Anthony Harrison-Barbet




NOTE: Many philosophical texts (dating from before the middle of the nineteenth century) are now freely available on See also the following valuable resources:

Books and articles by profiled philosophers are listed in alphabetical order and in each case, where appropriate, are followed by listings of editions or selections from the individual philosopher's writings. Collections of the writings of a group of philosophers are listed under the name of the editor(s) (for example: McKeon, R. (ed.) (1957).

Works in foreign languages are listed first under their English titles. Profiled philosophers' names are in blue type and are hyperlinked to the respective Reading Lists.

Please note: (1) The inclusion of a title in the Bibliography should not be taken to imply that the book is currently in print. (2) In the majority of entries the first date of publication is given, and in many cases the dates of new editions or reprints are also listed. However, further editions may have been issued which have not been noted. (3) The Bibliography should not be regarded as in any sense definitive or complete; necessarily there is an element of arbitrariness in the selection. But it is hoped the Reading lists provided for each Profile will provide students with useful starting points for their work.

Click on a letter to go to the relevant section; click on the heading letter in any section to return to the alphabet.



[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Aaron, R. I., John Locke (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963).

Abelard, Peter:

Radice, B. (trans. with intro. and notes), revis. M. T. Clanchy, Abelard and Heloise: The Letters of Abelard and

Heloise (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).

Spade, P. V. (trans. & ed.), introd. M. Mc. Adams, Abelard's Ethics and Other Writing, (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1965).

Acton. H. B., Kant's Moral Philosophy (London: Macmillan, 1970).

Adams, H. P., Karl Marx in his Earlier Writings (1940) (London: Frank Cass, 1965).

Adams, M. McC., Ockham (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1988)

Adamson, P. and Taylor, R. C. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Adamson, R., Fichte (Glasgow: Blackwood, 1881).

Addis, M., Wittgenstein: A Guide for the Perplexed (London & New York: Continuum, 2006).

Albert, St:

Tugwell, S., O.P. (trans., ed., & Introd.), Preface, L. E. Boyle, Albert and Thomas: Selected Writings (Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1988).

Alexander of Hales:

No English translations located.

Alexander, M., The Horizons of Feeling: John Dewey's Theory of Art, Experience, and Nature (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987).

Allen, D. J, The Philosophy of Aristotle, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970).

Allen, R. E. (ed.), Studies in Plato's Metaphysics (London: Routledge, 1965).

Allison, H., Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense (1983) (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004).

Alluntis, F., The Vital and Historical Reasons of J. Ortega (New York: Institute of Franciscan Studies, St Bonaventure University, 1955).

Ambrose, A. & Lazerowitz, M. (eds.) G. E. Moore: Essays in Retrospect (London: Allen and Unwin, 1970).

Ameriks, K. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

Anderson, F. H., Francis Bacon: His Career and Thought (London: Greenwood, 1978).

Annas, J., and Barnes, J., The Modes of Scepticism (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1985).

Anschutz, R. P., The Philosophy of J. S. Mill (1953) (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986).

Anselm, St:

Proslogion [with Prayers and Meditations], ed. & trans. B. Ward (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979).

Deane, S. N. (ed.), St Anselm: Basic Writings (1948), 2nd edn (Chicago: Open Court, 1977).

Aquinas, St Thomas:

Summa contra Gentiles, trans. A. Pegis, V. J. Bourke, L. J. O'Neill, 4 vols (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. ).

Summa Theologiae, A Concise Translation, trans. T. McDermott (London:. 1989).

Martin , C. J. F. (ed.), The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas: Introductory Readings (London & New York: Routledge, 1988).

McDermott, T. (ed.), Aquinas: Selected Philosophical Writings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, World's Classics, 1999).

McInerny, R. (ed. and trans.), Aquinas, Thomas: Selected Writings (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).


Art of Rhetoric, ed. & trans. H. Lawson-Tancred, Hugh (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991).

Metaphysics, ed. & trans. H. Lawson-Tancred, with Intro. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1998).

Nicomachean Ethics, trans. J. A. K. Thomson, revd. H. Tredinnick, intro. J. Barnes, (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2004).

On the Soul (De Anima), ed. & trans. H. Lawson-Tancred, with intro. and notes (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986).

Poetics, ed. & trans. M. Heath, (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1996).

Politics, trans. T. Sinclair, revd. T. Saunders (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992).

Ackrill, J. R. (ed.), A New Aristotle Reader (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987).

Barnes, J. (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle, 2 vols (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984). McKeon, R. (trans. & ed.), The Basic Works of Aristotle 1941; introd. C. D. Reeve (New York: Random House, 2001).

[Works: Loeb Classical Library edition, various translators, 23 vols (1926-65) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]

Armstrong, A. H., An Introduction to Ancient Philosophy (1994) (New York: Random House, 2001).

Arnold, E. V., Roman Stoicism (London: Irvington, 1958, 1971).

Arrington, R. L. (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophers (Oxford: Blackwell 2001).

Aspell, P. J. (ed). Readings in Medieval Western Philosophy (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1999).

Atwell, J., Schopenhauer on the Character of the World: The Metaphysics of the Will (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995).

Augustine, St:

Confessions (Confessiones, c. 400), trans. R. S. Pine-Coffin, R. S. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970); or trans. W.

Watts (1912) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

The City of God (De civitate Dei, 413-27), trans. H. Bettenson, ed. G. R. Evans (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2004); or trans. W. M. Green (1958) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Bourke, J. (ed.), The Essential Augustine (Indianapolis:. Hackett, 1974).

Oates, W. J. (ed.), Basic Writings of St Augustine, 2 vols (New York: Random House,. 1948).

[Works: Loeb Classical Library edition, various translators, 7 vols (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]

Aurelius, Marcus:

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, trans. A. S. L. Farquaharson; introd. and notes R. B. Rutherford

(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989); also Meditations, ed. & trans. M. Hammond, introd. D. Clay (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2006); or Loeb Classical Library edition, trans. C. R. Haines (1915) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]

Austin, John:

How to do Things with Words, ed. J. O. Urmson and M. Sbis (1962); 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976).

'Performative-Constative' (translation of 'Performatif-Constatif', 1958) — in Searle (ed.) (1971) (q.v.).

Philosophical Papers, ed. J. O. Urmson & G. J. Warnock (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961).

Sense and Sensibilia, reconstructed and edited by G. J. Warnock (1962) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

'Truth' (1950) — in Pitcher (ed.) ( ) (q.v.).

Austin, S., Parmenides: Being, Bounds and Logic (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1986).


Commentaries on Aristotle:

Categories, trans. M. M. Kassem (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1983);

De generatione et corruptione, trans. S. Kurland (Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1958);

De anima, trans. A. L. Ivry (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003);

Prior Analytic, trans. M. M. Kassem (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1983);

Metaphysics (Bk Lambda), Eng. trans. (Leiden: Brill, 1984);

Topic, Rhetoric, Poetics, Eng. trans. (New York: State University of New York, 1977).

Commentary on Plato's Republic, trans. with introd. & notes, R. Lerner (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966)

On the Harmony between Religion and Philosophy (The Fasl and its Appendix, the Manāhij), trans. G. F. Hourani (London: E. J. W Gibbs Memorial Trust, 1961, 1976).

The Incoherence of the Incoherence (Tahāfut at-tahāfut), trans. S. van den Bergh (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954).


No English translations located, but see Leaman (2001).

Ayer, A. J.:

Hume: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Language, Truth and Knowledge (1936; 2nd revd, edn 1946), intro. B. Rogers (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971).

Logical Positivism (ed.) (1959) (Glencoe, IL: The Free Press; London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

Metaphysics and Common Sense (London: Macmillan, 1969).

Philosophical Essays (1954) (London: Macmillan, 1959).

Philosophy in the Twentieth Century (London: Unwin, 1984).

Russell (London: Collins, Fontana, 1972, 1988?).

Russell and Moore: The Analytical Heritage ( London: Macmillan, 1971).

The Central Questions of Philosophy (1973) (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976).

The Concept of a Person and Other Essays (London: Macmillan, 1963).

The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge (1940) (London: Macmillan, 1969).

The Problem of Knowledge (1956) (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Bacon, Francis:

The Advancement of Learning (1606); revised (Latin) version, 1623 (De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum) as

Part I of his projected Instauratio magna (Great Instauration); New Organon (Novum Organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae) (Part II of the Instauratio, 1620) — see:

Anderson, F. H. (ed.), The New Organon and Related Writings (New York: Bobbs-Merrill,Library of Liberal Arts, 1960).

Essays, intro. J. Pitcher (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986).

Bacon, Roger:

Greater Work (Opus Maius), trans. R. B. Burke (New York & London: Thoemmes, Continuum, 2000)

Baldwin, T., G. E. Moore (London: Routledge 1990).

Bannan, J., The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1967).

Barber, M. D., Guardian of Dialogue. Max Scheler's Phenomenology, Sociology of Knowledge, and Philosophy of Love (London and Toronto: Associated University Press, 1993).

Barnes, H., Sartre (London: Quartet, 1974).

Barnes, J., Aristotle (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981).

Barnes, J., Early Greek Philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).

Barnes, J. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Barnes, J., The Presocratic Philosophers (London: Routledge, 1989).

Barnes, J., Sorabji, R., & Schofield, M. (eds), Articles on Aristotle, 4 vols (London:. Duckworth, 1975-9).

Baron, S. (ed.), Essays on Maimonides: An Octocennial Volume (New York: Columbia University Press, 1941).

Barrow, R. H., Plutarch and His Times (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1969).

Barry, B., The Liberal Theory of Justice: Critical Examination of the Principle Doctrines in 'The Theory of Justice' by John Rawls (Oxford:. Oxford University Press, 1974).

Baynes, K., Bohman, J., and McCarthy, T. (eds), After Philosophy: End or Transformation (Cambridge, MA & London: MIT Press, 1987).

Beach, E. A., The Potencies of the Gods: Schelling's Philosophy of Mythology (Albany: State University of New York, 1994).

Beiser, F. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Bell, D., Husserl (London: Routledge, 1989).

Bennett, J., A Study of Spinoza's 'Ethics' (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

Bennett, J., Central Themes: Locke, Berkeley and Hume (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971).

Bentham, Jeremy:

Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789), ed. J. H. Burns and H. L. A. Hart, (London: The Athlone Press, 1970).

Harrison, R. (ed. with introd.), Selected Writings on Utiitarianism (Ware, Herts: Wordsworth Classics, 2000).

Ryan, A., (ed.), Mill, John Stuart and Bentham, Jeremy: Utilitarianism and Other Essays (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).

Bergson, Henri:

Creative Evolution (L'évolution créatrice, 1907), trans. A. Mitchell (New York: Dover, 1998).

Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness (Essai sur les données immEdiates de la conscience, 1889), trans. as Time and Free Will by F. L. Pogson (1996) (New York: Dover, 2001).

Introduction to Metaphysics (Introduction la métaphysique, 1903), authorized trans. T. E. Hulme, introd. T. A. Goudge, 2nd revd edn (Indianapolis & New York: Bobbs-Merrill, Library of Liberal Arts, 1955).

Matter and Memory (MatiEre et mEmoire, 1896), trans. N. M. Paul and W. S. Palmer (New York: Zone Books, 1994).

The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (Les deux sources de la morale et de la religion, 1932), trans. R. A. Audra and C. Brereton assisted by W. Horsfall Carter (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1977).

Pearson, K. Ansell and Mullarkey, J. (eds), Bergson : Key Writings, (London: Continuum, 2002).

Berkeley, George:

Essay towards a New Theory of Vision (1709).

Philosophical Commentaries (Notebooks).

Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713), introd. R. Woolhouse (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1988).

Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) (ibid.).

Ayers, M. R. (ed.) [contains the Essay, Treatise, and Commentaries] (London: Dent, Everyman, 1975).

Jessop, T. E. (ed.), Berkeley: Philosophical Writings [contains a selection from the Essay, the Treatise, and the

Three Dialogues, and also includes extracts from De motu (1721), Alciphron (1732), and Siris (1744)] (London: Nelson, 1952).

A. A. Luce and T. E. Jessop, Works, 9 vols (London, Nelson, 1948-57).

Berlin, I., Essays on J. L. Austin (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1973) reprinted in Hardy, H. (ed.), Personal Impressions (London: Hogarth 1980; New York: Viking, 1981).

Berlin, I., Karl Marx: his Life and Environment, 4th edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).

Berlin, I., The Magus of the North: J. G. Hamann and the Origins of Modern Rationalism (London: Collins, Fontana, 1993).

Berlin, I., Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas (1976) (London: Chatto & Windus, 1980).

Berlin, I., Three Critics of the Enlightenment: Vico, Hamann, Herder (London: Pimlico/Random House, 2000).

Berman, D., George Berkeley: Idealism and the Man (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).

Bershady, H. J., On Feeling. Knowing, and Valuing: Selected Writings (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1992).

Bett, H., Johannes Scotus Eriugena, a Study in Mediaeval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1925).

Bett, N., Nicholas of Cusa (1932) (New York: Richwood, 1976).

Bett, R., Pyrrho, his Antecedents and his Legacy, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Bettoni, E., O.F.M., trans. B. Bonansea, Duns Scotus: The Basic Principles of his Philosophy (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979).

Bird, G., William James (The Arguments of the Philosophers) (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986).

Boehner, P., Collected Articles on Ockham (New York: Franciscan Institute, St Bonaventure University, 1958).

Bolton, D., An Approach to Wittgenstein's Philosophy (London: Macmillan, 1979).

Boethius, Anicius:

Commentary on Porphyry's 'Isagoge', in R. McKeon (1957) (q.v.).

On the Consolation of Philosophy (De consolatione philosophiae), ed. & trans. H. F. Stewart, E. K. Rand, and S. J. Tester, Loeb Classical Library edition (1918) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press); or ed. & trans. V. Watts Harmondsworth:. Penguin, 1999).

Boisvert, R. D., Dewey's Metaphysics (New York: Fordham University Press, 1988).

Bonaventura, St:

de Vinck, J. (ed. & trans.), The Works of Bonaventure and Breviloquium (Paterson, NJ: St Anthony Guild Press, 1964).

Bowie, A., Schelling and Modern European Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1993).

Bradley, Francis:

Appearance and Reality (1893; 2nd edn 1897), introd. R. Wollheim (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969).

Essays on Truth and Reality (1914) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2004).

Ethical Studies (1876; 2nd edn 1927), introduction R. Wollheim (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962).

Principles of Logic (1883; 2nd edn 1922) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2004).

Allard, J. W. and Stock, G. (eds & introd), Writings on Logic and Metaphysics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994)

Brandl, J. L. & Sullivan, P. (eds.), New Essays on the Philosophy of Michael Dummett (Amsterdam: Rodolpi, 1998).

Brandom, R. (ed.), Rorty and His Critics (Oxford & Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 2000).

Brandt, R. B., The Philosophy of Friedrich Schleiermacher: The Development of His Theory of Scientific and Religious Knowledge (1941) (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1968).

Breazeale, D., D. Kolb, & Rockmore, T. (eds), New Essays on Fichte's later Jena 'Wissenschaftslehre' (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, 2001).

Brennan, T., The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties and Fate (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Brentano, Franz:

On the Existence of God (Vom Dasein Gottes, 1929), trans. S. F. Krantz (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1987).

On the Origin of our Knowledge of Right and Wrong (Vom Ursprung sittlicher Erkenntnis, 1889), trans. R.

Chisholm & E. H. Schneewind (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979).

Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt, 1874) trans. A. C. Rancurello, D. B. Terrell, & L. McAlister, (London; Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1995).

The True and the Evident (Wahrheit und Evidenz, 1930, posthumously), trans. R. Chisholm, I. Politzer, & K. Fischer (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1966).

Britton, K., John Stuart Mill (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1953).

Broad, C. D., Five Types of Ethical Theory (London: Routledge, Kegan Paul, 1930).

Broad, C. D., Leibniz: An Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).

Broome, J. H., Rousseau — A Study of his Thought (London: E. Arnold, 1963).

Brown, C. A., Peter Strawson. (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2006).

Bruno, Giordano:

'Concerning the Cause, Principle, and the One' (De la causa, principio e uno, (1584), trans. S. T. Greenberg, in

The Infinite in Giordano Bruno (New York: King's Crown Press, 1950).

'Concerning the Infinite Universe and Worlds' (De l'infinito universo e mondi, 1584), D. W. Singer, Giordano

Bruno: His Life and Thought (Newy York: H. Singer, 1950).

'The Heroic Frenzies' (De gli eroici furori, 1585), trans. P. E. Memmo, Jr., in The Heroic Frenzies (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1964).

Bubnner, R. (ed.), German Idealist Philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1997).

Bullert, G., The Politics of John Dewey (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1983).

Burke, T. E., The Philosophy of Popper (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983).

Burkert, W., Lore and Science in Ancient Pythagoreanism, Engl. trans. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1972).

Burnyeat, M. F. (ed), The Sceptical Tradition (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).

Burnyeat, M., (ed.), Socratic Studies (Cambridge: 1994).

Butler, Joseph:

Fifteen Sermons; "On Personal Identity"; "Of the Nature of Virtue" — see:

Matthews, W. R., Joseph Butler: 15 Sermons and A Dissertation on the Nature of Virtue (London: Bell, 1949); or: Selby-Bigge, L. A., (1897) (q.v.).


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Callus, D. A. (ed.), Robert Grosseteste, Scholar and Bishop (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955).

Carnap, Rudolf:

Logical Foundations of Probability, 1950; 2nd edn (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1962).

Logical Syntax of Language (Logische Syntax der Sprache, 1934), trans. A. Smeaton (London:. Kegan Paul, 1937).

Meaning and Necessity: A Study in Semantics and Modal Logic, 1947; 2nd edn (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1988).

'The Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language' ('berwindung der Metaphysik durch die logische Analyse der Sprache', 1931/2), trans. A. Pap, in A. J. Ayer, (1959) (q.v.).

The Logical Construction of the World (Die Logische Aufbau der Welt, 1928), trans. R. A. George (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

"The Two Concepts of Probability", 1945, reprinted in H. Feigl and W. S. Sellars (eds) (1949) (q.v.).

Pseudo-Problems in Philosophy: Other Minds and the Realism Debate, (Scheinprobleme in der Philosophie: Das Fremdpsychische und das Realismusstreit, 1928), trans. R. A. George (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967) [published together with 1st edn of The Logical Construction of the World].


see Long and Sedley.

Carver, T. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Marx (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Caws, P., Sartre (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979).

Chadwick, H., Augustine: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford:. Oxford University Press, 2001).

Chadwick, H., Boethius: The Consolation of Music, Logic, Theology and Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981).

Chappell V. C. (ed.), Hume (London: Macmillan, 1966).

Chappell, V. C. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Chevalier, J., Henri Bergson (1928), trans. L. A. Clare (New York: Macmillan, 1970).

Chisholm, R. M. (ed.), Realism and the Background of Phenomenology (Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1960).


see Long and Sedley

Cicero, Marcus:

On the Nature of the Gods (De natura deorum), trans. H. McGregor, introd. J. Ross (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978 ); or trans. H. Rackham (1961) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

On Divination (De divinatione), trans. W. A. Falconer (1928) (Cambridge, MA; Harvard University Press).

On Fate (De fato), trans. H. Rackham (1942) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

On the Ends of Good and Evil (De finibus malorum et bonorum) ,trans. H. Rackham (1931) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Tusculan Disputations (Tusculanae disputationes), trans. J. E. King (1945) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

On Duties (De officiis ), trans. W. Miller (1947) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

On Laws (De legibus), trans. C. W. Keyes (1928) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Grant, M. (trans.) Selected Works (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974).

[Works: Loeb Classical Library edition, various translators, 29 vols (1914-49) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]

Clark, P. & Hale, B. (eds.), Reading Putnam (Cambridge, MA & Oxford: Blackwell, 1995).

Clark, R. T., Herder: His Life and Thought (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969).

Clark, S. H., Paul Ricoeur (London: Routledge, 1990).

Clarke, D. M., Descartes's Theory of Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Classen, C. J. 'Anaximander and Anaximenes: the earliest Greek theories of change?', Phronesis 22 (Leiden: Brill, 1977).

Clendenning, J., The Life and Thought of Josiah Royce revd & expanded edn (Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1999).

Comte, Auguste:

Course of Positive Philosophy (Cours de philosophie positive, 1830-42), trans. H. Martineau (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2003).

System of Positive Philosophy (Systéme de philosophie positive, 1851-4), trans. J. H. Bridges, F. Harrison, and others (London: 1875-7).

Jones, H. S. (ed.), Comte: Early Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Lenzer, G., Auguste Comte: Essential Writings (New York: Harper, 1997).

Conant, J. and Zeglin, U., Hilary Putnam: Pragmatism and Realism (London & New York: Routledge, 2002).

Condillac, Etienne:

Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge (Essai sur l'origine des connaissances humaines, 1746), trans. H. Aarsleff (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Treatise on Systems (Traité des système, 1746, 1771).

Treatise on Sensations (Traité des sensations, 1754, 1778), trans. G. Carr (London: Favil Press, 1930).

Philip, F. (trans. ) Philosophical Writings of Etienne Bonnot, Abbé de Condillac, 2 vols (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1982).

Lefèvre, R. (trans. ed.), Condillac [selected writings] (Vienna: Segliers, 1966).

Copleston, F. C., S.J, A History of Philosophy, reprint 11 volumes (London & New York:. Continuum, 2003).

Copleston, F. C., S. J. (1955), Thomas Aquinas (London: Search Press, 1976).

Cottingham, J. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Descartes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Cotton, J. H., Royce on the Human Self (1954) (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood, 1979).

Cox, G., Sartre: A Guide for the Perplexed .(London & NY Continuum, 2006).

Cranston, M. &. Peters, R. (eds), Hobbes and Rousseau: A Collection of Critical Essays ( New York: Doubleday, Anchor, 1972).

Crawford, D., Kant's Aesthetic Theory (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1974).

Crocker, L. G., Diderot, the Embattled Philosopher (Ann Arbor, MI: 1954)

Crombie, I. M., An Examination of Plato's Doctrines, 2 vols (London:. Routledge, 1962-3).

Crouter, R., Friedrich Schleiermacher: From Enlightenment to Romanticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Curley, E. M., Behind the Geometrical Method: A Reading of Spinoza's 'Ethics' (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988).

Currie, G., Frege: An Introduction to His Philosophy (Brighton, Sx: Harvester Press, 1982).

Currie, G. & Musgrave, A. (eds). Popper and the Human Sciences (The Hague:. Nijhoff, 1985).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Dancy, J., Berkeley: An Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987).

Daniels, N. (ed.), Reading Rawls (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975).

Danto, A. C., Nietzsche as Philosopher. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1980).

Danto, A. C., Sartre (London: Collins, Fontana and Viking, 1975).

Davidson, Donald:

Essays on Actions and Events (1975) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001 )

Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation (1983) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective, introd. M.Cavell & interview with Ernest LePore (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001).

Truth and Predication (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2005).

Truth, Language and History: Philosophical Essays, introd. M. Cavell (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005).

Davidson, D. and Hintikka, J. (eds), Words and Objections: Essays on the Work of W. V. Quine (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1969).

Davies, B., The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Davies, B. 'Thomas Aquinas', in J. J. E. Garcia (ed.) (2005) (q.v.).

Davies, B. and Leftow, B. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Anselm (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, . 2004).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

Derrida, Jacques:

Margins of Philosophy (Marges de la philosophie, 1972), trans. A. Bass (New York and London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1982).

Of Grammatology (De la grammatologie, 1967), trans. G. Spivak (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976).

Speech and Phenomena and Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs (La Voix et le phénomène, 1967), trans. D.

B. Allison (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1973).

'The Ends of Man' (1972) in K Baynes et al (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

Writing and Difference (L'Écriture et la différence, 1967), trans. A. Bass (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978).

Wood, D., Derrida: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).

Descartes, René :

Discourse on Method [and related Writings] (Discours de la Méthode), trans with introd. D. M. Clarke (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1999).

Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings, trans & introd. D. M. Clarke (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1998).

Anscombe, E. & Geach, P. T. , Descartes: Philosophical Writings (London: Nelson, 1954; revd 1970).

Cottingham, J. (ed.), trans. J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, & D. Murdoch, Descartes: Selected Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Haldane, E. S. & Ross, G. R. T., The Philosophical Works of Descartes, 2 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1911; corrected reprint 1967).

Dewey, John:

A Common Faith (1934) (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1977).

Art and Experience (1934) (New York: Putnam, 1980).

Experience and Nature (1925) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2003).

Freedom and Culture (1939) (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1989).

Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1922).

Logic: The Theory of Enquiry (New York: R. & W. Holt, 1938).

Philosophy and Civilization (New York: Minton Balach, 1931).

Sidorsky, D. (ed.), Dewey: the Essential Writings (New York: Harper & Row, 1977).

Dickson, G. G., Johann Georg Hamann's Relational Metacriticism (Berlin and New York: De Gruyter, 1995).

Diderot, Denis:

"D'Alembert's Dream"(Rève de d'Alembert, 1769), in L. Tancock (trans.), Rameau's Nephew and D'Alembert's Dream (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976)

Philosophical Thoughts (Pensées philosophiques, 1746)

Thoughts on the Interpretation of Nature (PensEes sur l'interprEtation de la nature, 1754), trans. L. Sandler, introd. D. Adams (Manchester: Clinamen, 2000). [Includes 'D'Alembert's Dream' and 'Thoughts on the Blind'.]

Stewart, J. & Kemp, J. (trans. & eds), Diderot, Interpreter of Nature: Selected Writings (1937) (Westport, CT: Hyperion Press, 1990).

Jourdain, M. (trans.), Diderot's Early Philosophical Works (1916) (New York: Franklin, 1972).

Lough, J. (trans.), Denis Diderot: Selected Philosophical Writings (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1987).

Dillon, J. M., The Middle Platonists (1977) (London: Duckworth, 1996).

Dillon, M. C., Merleau-Ponty's Ontology (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1997).

Dilthey, Wilhelm:

Introduction to the Human Sciences (Einleiting in die Geisteswissenschaften, 1883), trans. R. J. Betzanos ( Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1988).

The Construction of the Historical World in the Human Sciences (Der Aufbau der geschichtlichen Welt in den Geisteswissenschaften, 1910 — unfinished)

Hodges, H. A. Wilhelm Dilthey: An Introduction [with selected writings & comm.] (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1944).

Rickman, H. P. (ed.), W. Dilthey: Selected Writings (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1976).

Doney, W. (ed.), Descartes: A Collection of Critical Essays (London: Macmillan, 1968).

Dostal, R. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Gadamer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Dray, W., Laws and Explanation in History (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957).

Dummett, Michael:

'Can Analytical Philosophy be Systematic, and Ought It to Be?', in Baynes et. al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

Frege: Philosophy of Language (1973); 2nd edn (London: Duckworth & Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981, 1993).

The Logical Basis of Metaphysics (London: Duckworth & Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991).

Truth and other Enigmas (London: Duckworth, 1978).

'What is a Theory of Meaning?', in Guttenplan (ed.) (1975) (q.v.).

'What is a Theory of Meaning II?', in Evans and McDowell (eds) (1976) (q.v.).

Duncan-Jones, A., Butler's Moral Philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1952).

Dunn, J., John Locke A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Duns Scotus, John:

Wolter, A., O.F.M., Duns Scotus, Philosophical Writings (London: Nelson, 1963).

Dupré, L. & Hudson, N., 'Nicholas of Cusa', in J. J. E. Garcia (ed.) (2005) (q.v.).

Dykhuizen, D., The Life and Mind of John Dewey (Carbondale, IL: South Illinois University Press, 1973).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Easton, S. C., Roger Bacon and his Search for a Universal Science: A Reconsideration of the Life and Work of Roger Bacon in the Light of His Own Stated Purposes (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1952; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1970).

Edie, J. M., Edmund Husserl's Phenomenology: A Critical Commentary (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1987).

Edie, J. M., Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy of Language: Structuralism and Dialectics (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988).

Eliot, T. S., Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F. H. Bradley (1916; publ. 1964) (New York: Columbia University Press, 1989).

Emmet, D. M., Whitehead's Philosophy of Organism (1932) (London: Macmillan, 1966).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.


Discourses, trans. W. A. Oldfather (1926-8) (Loeb Classical Library) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).


See Lucretius (below); and Long & Sedley.

Eriksen, E. O. & Wiegard, J., Understanding Habermas: Communicative Action and Deliberative Democracy (New York & London: Continuum, 2004).

Evans, G. &. McDowell, J. (eds), Truth and Meaning (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976).

Evnine, S., Donald Davidson (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1991).

Ewing, A. C., A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (London: Methuen, 1938).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Fairweather, E. R. (ed.), A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham (Louisville, KY: Westminster/Knox, 1956).

Fann, K. T. (ed.), A Symposium on J. L. Austin (London: Routledge, 1979).

Feigl, H. and Brodbeck, M. (eds), Readings in the Philosophy of Science (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1953).

Feigl, H. and Sellars, W. (eds), Readings in Philosophical Analysis (New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1949).

Fetzer, J. H., The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Fichte, Johann:

Concerning the Concept of the Doctrine of Knowledge (ber den Begriff der Wissenschaftslehre, 1794; 1798), in

Early Philosophical Writings, trans. D. Breazeale — below.

Concerning the Ground of Our Belief in a Divine World-Order (ber den Grund unseres Glaubens an eine göttliche Weltregierung, 1798), in Introduction to the Wissenschaftslehre, trans. D. Breazeale — below.

Foundation of the Entire Doctrine of Science (Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre, 1794/5; 1802), trans. P.

Heath, in Fichte: Science of Knowledge (Wissenschaftslehre), trans. P. Heath, A. E. Kroeger, & J. Lacks (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).

The Foundation of Natural Right (Grundlage des Naturrechts, 1796/7), ed. F. Neuhouser, trans. M. Bauer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

The System of Ethics based on the Doctrine of Science (Das System der Sittenlehre nach den Principien der Wissenschaftslehre, 1798), ed. & trans. G. Zller & D. Breazeale (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

The Vocation of Man (Die Bestimmung des Menschen, 1800), trans. P. Preuss (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987).

The Way towards the Blessed Life, or, The Doctrine of Religion (Die Religionslehre, 1806), trans. W. Smith (1849); reprint (New York: University Publishers of America, 1977).

Breazeale, D. (ed. & trans.), Fichte: Early Philosophical Writings (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1988).

Breazeale, D. (ed. & trans.), Introduction to the Wissenschaftslehre and Other Writings, 1797-1800 (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994).

Field, G. C., The Philosophy of Plato (Oxford:. Oxford University Press, 1969).

Findlay, J. N., Hegel: A Re-examination London: (Allen & Unwin, 1958).

Fine, G., Mullick, B., Zinkin, T. (eds.), Plato One: Metaphysics and Epistemology; Plato Two: Ethics, Politics, Religion and the Soul (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Finlayson, J. G., Habermas: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2004).

Fischer, M., Well-Ordered License: On the Unity of Machiavelli's Thought (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2000).

Fitch G. W., Saul Kripke (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2004).

Fletcher, R., Auguste Comte and the Making of Sociology, Memorial Lectures 7 (London: Athlone, 1966).

Flew, A. G. N. (ed. with introd.), Logic and Language I (Oxford: Blackwell, 1959).

Flew, A. G. N. (ed. with introd.), Logic and Language II (Oxford: Blackwell, 1960).

Fogelin, R. J., Wittgenstein (1976), 2nd edn (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987) .

Fogelin, R. J., Hume's Skepticism in the Treatise of Human Nature (1963) (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985).

Foot, P. (ed.), Theories of Ethics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967).

Foster, J., A. J. Ayer (1983) (London: Routledge, Arguments of the Philosophers, 1999).

Foster, J. & Robinson, H. (eds), Essays on Berkeley: A Tercentennial Celebration (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).

Fotion, N., John Searle. (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2001).

Fowler, T., Shaftesbury and Hutcheson (1882) (Hildesheim: G. Olms Verlag, 1998).

Frank, D. H. & Leaman, O. (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Frankfort, H. G. (ed.), Leibniz: A Collection of Critical Essays (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976).

Frankena, F., 'Hare on Moral Weakness and the Definition of Morality'. Ethics, July 1988 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1988).

Frankfort H. G., (ed.), Leibniz: A Collection of Critical Essays (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976).

Freeman, S. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Frege, Gottlob:

'Conceptual Notation' (Begriffschrift, 1879).

'Function and Concept' (Funktion und Begriff, 1891).

'On Concept and Object' (ber Begriff und Gegenstand, 1892).

'On Sense and Reference' (ber Sinn und Bedeutung, 1892). All these in:

Geach, P. T.& Black, M. (eds), Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege (Oxford: Blackwell, 1980), or: McGuinness (ed.) (1984) (q.v.).

'The Thought: a Logical Investigation' (Der Gedanke: eine logische Untersuchungen, 1918), in P. F. Strawson (ed.) (1967) (q.v.).

Beaney, M. (ed.), The Frege Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997).

Frings, M. S., Max Scheler: A Concise Introduction into the World of a Great Thinker (Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press, 1965).

Frings, M. S. (ed.), Max Scheler (1874-1928) : centennial essays (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1974).

Frings, M. S., The Mind of Max Scheler (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1997; 2001).

Fullwinder, R. K., 'Fanaticism and Hare's Moral Theory', Ethics, January 1977 (Chicago: Chicago University Press. 1977).

Furbank, P. N., Diderot: A Critical Biography (New York:. A. A. Knopf, 1992).

Furley, D. J. and Allen, R. E. (eds), Studies in Presocratic Philosophy, 2 vols (London: Routledge, 1975).

Furley, D. J., Two Studies in the Greek Atomists (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Gadamer, Hans.-Georg:

'Hermeneutics as Practical Philosophy' in Baynes et al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

'On the Scope and Function of Hermeneutical Reflection', in Wachterhauser (ed.) (1986) (q.v.)

Philosophical Apprenticeships (Philosophische Lehrjahre), trans. R. R. Sullivan. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977; 1985).

'Text and Interpretation', in Wachterhauser (ed.) (1986) (q.v.).

Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode, 1960), trans. W. Glenn-Doepel (1975); revd edn J. Weinsheimer and D. G. Marshall (New York: Continuum, 2004).

Gallie, W. B., Peirce and Pragmatism (1952) (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood, 1976).

Garcia, J. J. E. (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005).

Gardiner, P., Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Gardiner, P., Schopenhauer (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963).

Garrett, D. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Gaskin, J. C.A., The Epicurean Philosophers (Troy, MI: Phoenix, 1995).

Gaskin, J. C. A., Hume's Philosophy of Religion (London: Macmillan, 1978).

Gelven, M., A Commentary on Heidegger's 'Being and Time' (New York:. Harper & Row, 1970, 1989).

Gerson, Ll. P. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Plotinus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Gettner, A., ' Hare and Fanaticism', Ethics, January 1977 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1977).

Gibson, R. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Gilson, E., The Philosophy of St Bonaventure, trans. I. Trethowan & F. Sheed (Paterson, NJ: St Anthony Guild Press, 1965).

Gochet, P., Ascent to Truth: A Critical Examination of Quine's Philosophy (Munich: Philosophia, 1986).

Gonzalez, P. B., Human Existence as Radical Reality: Ortega y Gasset's Philosophy of Subjectivity (St Paul, MN: Paragon House, 2005).

Goodenough, E. R., An Introduction to Philo Judaeus, 2nd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 1962).

Goodman, L. E., Avicenna (London: Routledge, 1995).

Goodman, N., The Structure of Appearance, trans. G. Hellman (1951), 3rd edn (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1977).

Gosling, J. C. B., Plato (London: Routledge, 1973).

Gould, J. B., The Philosophy of Chrysippus (Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1970)

Graham, D., Aristotle's Two Systems (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987, 1990).

Graham, J. T., A Pragmatist Philosophy of Life in Ortega y Gasset (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1994).

Graham, K., J. L. Austin: A Critique of Ordinary Language Philosophy (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1978).

Grayling, A. C., Berkeley: The Central Arguments (London, 1968).

Grayling, A. C., Russell: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Grayling, A. Wittgenstein : A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Grean, S., Shaftesbury's Philosophy of Religion and Ethics. (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1967).

Green, K., Dummett: Philosophy of Language (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001).

Greenberg, S., The Infinite in Giordano Bruno (New York: King's Crown Press, 1950).

Griffin (ed.), N., The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Grosseteste, Robert:

see McKeon (1957).

Grube, G. M. A, Plato's Thought (1935) (London: Athlone Press, 1980).

Guignon, C. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger (1993), 2nd edn (Cambridge: University Press, 1993).

Gunson, D., Michael Dummett and the Theory of Meaning (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998).

Guttenplan, S. (ed.), Mind and Language (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).

Guyer, P. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Habermas, Jürgen:

[Moral] Consciousness and Communicative Action (Moralbewufltsein und kommunikativen Handelns, 1983), trans. Lenhardt and S. Weber (Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, and. Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1989). 'Philosophie als Platzhalter und Interpret', which is in this volume, is reprinted as 'Philosophy as Stand-In and Interpreter' in Baynes et al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

Knowledge and Human Interests (Erkenntnis und Interesse, 1968), trans. J. J. Shapiro (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1987).

Theory and Practice (Theorie und Praxis, 1963), trans. J. Viertel (London: Heinemann, 1974).

The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity (Der Philosophische Diskurs der Moderne, 1985), trans. F. G. Lawrence (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1987).

The Theory of Communicative Action. (Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns, 1981), trans. T. McCarthy (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1987).

Outhwaite, W. (ed.), The Habermas Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1996).

Hacker, P. M. S., Insight and Illusion: Wittgenstein on Philosophy and the Metaphysics of Experience, revd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Hackett, J. M. G. (ed.), Roger Bacon and the Sciences: Commemorative Essays (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Hahn, L. E. (ed.), 1992, The Philosophy of A. J. Ayer (Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XXI) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1992).

Hahn, L. E. (ed.), The Philosophy of Donald Davidson (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XXVII) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1999).

Hahn, L. E. (ed.), The Philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer (Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XXIV) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1997).

Hahn, L. E. (ed.), The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur (The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXII) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1995).

Hahn, L. E. (ed.), The Philosophy of P. F. Strawson (Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXVI) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1998).

Hall, D. L., Richard Rorty: Poet and Prophet of the New Pragmatism (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994).

Hall, J. C., Rousseau (London: Macmillan, 1973).

Hamann, Johann:

Socratic Memorabilia, trans. with commentary J. C. O'Flaherty (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1967).

Smith, R. Gregor, J. G. Hamann 1730-1788: A Study in Christian Existence (London: Collins, 1960).

Hamlyn, D. W., Schopenhauer (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1980).

Hampshire, Stuart:

Freedom of Mind and Other Essays (1971) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).

Freedom of the Individual (1965) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).

Innocence and Experience (1989) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991).

'Justice is Strife' (Presidential Address to the American Philosophical Association , Stanford University, 29 March 1991), elaborated in Justice is Conflict (London: Duckworth, 1999).

Morality and Conflict (London: Blackwell, 1985).

Spinoza (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1951).

Thought and Action (London: Chatto & Windus, 1959; Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 1981).

Hanfling, O., Ayer (London: Routledge, 1999).

Hannay, A., Kierkegaard (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982)

Hannay, A. & Marino G. D. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Hare, Richard:

Freedom and Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963).

Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Methods and Point (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981).

The Language of Morals (1952), corrected edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961).

Hare, R. M., Plato (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1982).

Harland, R., The Philosophy of Structuralism and Post-Structuralism (1975) (New York & London: Methuen, 1987).

Harrison, R., Bentham (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1983).

Hartshorne, C., Anselm's Discovery. A Re-examination of the Ontological Proof of God's Existence (La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1991).

Hegel, Georg:

Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline (Encyklopdie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im

Grundrisse, 1817; 2nd enlarged edn, 1827), [Part I] The Logic of Hegel, trans. W. Wallace, foreword by J. N. Findlay (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975); [Part II] Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, trans. A. V. Miller (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970).

Lectures on Aesthetics, trans. T. M. Knox, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975); see also Introductory Lectures

on Aesthetics, trans. B. Bosanquet, ed. with introd. & comm. M. Inwood (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993).

Lectures on the History of Philosophy, trans. E. S. Haldane F. H. Simson, 3 vols (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1955).

Lectures on the Philosophy of History, trans. J. Sibree (1861) (Buffalo, NJ: Prometheus, 1990).

Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, trans. E. B. Speirs J. B. Sanderson, 3 vols (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968).

Phenomenology of Mind [Spirit] (Phnomenologie des Geistes, 1807), trans. A. V. Miller (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977).

Philosophy of Right (Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundrisse, 1821; 2nd edn — Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts (1833), trans. T. M. Knox (London: Oxford University Press, 1967).

Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik), vol. I, 1812/3; vol. II, 1816, trans. A. V. Miller (London: Allen & Unwin, 1969).

Heidegger, Martin:

Being and Time (Sein und Zeit, 1927), trans. J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson (Oxford: Blackwell, 1962).

Introduction to Metaphysics (Einfhrung in die Metaphysik, 1953), trans. R. Manheim (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1959; New York: Doubleday, 1961).

Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics (Kant und das Problem der Metaphysik, 1929), trans. R. Taft (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1990).

On the Way to Language (Unterwegs zur Sprache, 1959), trans. P. D. Hertz (New York: Harper and Row, 1971).

The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, trans. W. Lovitt (NewYork: Harper & Row, 1977).

Pathmarks (Wegmarken, 1967), ed. W. McNeill, various translators (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Woodpaths (Holzwege) (1935-46), trans. Off the Beaten Track by K. Haynes & J. Young (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Krell, D. (ed.), Basic Writings (New York: Harper and Rowe, 1977).

Hempel, Carl:

Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science (New York: The Free Press, 1965).

"Explanation in Science and History" (1962), in Nidditich (ed.) (1968) (q.v.).

Philosophy of Natural Science (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966).

Henry of Ghent:

Arguments (Argumenta):

Teske, R., S.J. (trans. with introd. & notes), Quodlibetal Questions on God's Unity and Simplicity (Dallas Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 6) (Leuven: Peeters, 2004).

Teske, R., S.J. (trans.), Quodlibetal Questions on Moral Problems (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 41) ( Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2005).

Teske, R., S.J. (trans. with introd. & notes), Quodlibetal Questions on Moral Problems (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 32) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1993,).

Theological Compendium (Summa Theologica):

Decorte, J. & Teske, R. J., S.J. (trans), with introd. & notes by R. J. Teske, S.J., 'The Question of God's Existence and Essence' (Articles 21-24) (Dallas Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 5) (Leuven: Peeters, 1993) .

Henry, D. P., The Logic of St Anselm (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

Herder, Johann:

Another Philosophy of History Concerning the Development of Mankind (Auch eine Philosophie der Geschichte zur Bildung der Menschheit, 1774).

Critical Forests (Kritische Wlder, 1769) [in Moore (ed.) — below].

Ideas for the Philosophy of History of Mankind (Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit, 1784), trans. T. Churchill as Outlines of a Philosophy of the History of Man (1803) (New York: Bergman, 1966).

Letters for the Advancement of Humanity (Briefe zur Befrderung der Humanitt, 1793-7).

Metacritique of the Critique of Pure Reason ('Metakritik' zur Critik der reinen Vernunft, 1799). [No translation located.]

Of the Cognition and Sensation of the Human Soul (Vom Erkennen und Empfinden der menschlichen Seele, 1778).

Treatise on the Origin of Language.(Abhandlung ber den Ursprung der Sprache, 1770).

Forster, M. N., Ameriks, K., & Clarke, D. M., Herder: Philosophical Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Moore, G. (ed. & trans.), Herder: Selected Writings on Aesthetics (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006).

Hirstein, W., On Searle (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2001).

Hill, C. S., The Philosophy of Hilary Putnam. (Fayetteville, AR:. University of Arkansas Press,. 1992).

Hintikka, J. (ed.), Rudolf Carnap, Logical Empiricist: Materials and Perspectives (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1975).

Hobbes, Thomas:

Concerning Body (De Corpore, 1655), Eng. trans. 1656.

Leviathan (1651) ed. C. B. Macpherson (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968, 1981).

On Man (De Homine, 1658), (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005); also in Man & Citizen — below.

On the Citizen (De Cive, 1642), in Man and Citizen, ed. B. Gert & T. S. K. Scott-Craig (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1991).

Hodges, H. A., The Philosophy of Wilhelm Dilthey (1944) (London: Routledge& Kegan Paul, 1952).

Holbach, Pierre-Henri d':

Common Sense: or Natural Ideas opposed to Supernatural Ideas (Le Bon-Sens, ou Idées naturelles opposées aux idées surnaturelles, 1772), trans. A. Knoop (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 2004).

System of Nature, or of the Physical and Moral Laws of the World (Systéme de la nature, ou des Lois du monde physique et du monde moral, 1770), trans. H. D. Robinson (New York: Burt Franklin, 1970).

Hollingdale, R. J., Nietzsche: the Man and his Philosophy (1965) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Honderich, T., Essays on A.J. Ayer (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Honderich, T. (ed.), Oxford Companion to Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995; 2005).

Hook, S., From Hegel to Marx: Studies in the Intellectual Development of Karl Marx (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Hooker, M. (ed.), Descartes: Critical and Interpretive Essays (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978).

Hookway, C., Peirce (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1992).

Hookway, C., Quine (Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1988).

Hopkins, J. M., A Companion to the Study of St Anselm (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1973).

Howells, C. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Sartre (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Hudson, W. H., An Introduction to the Philosophy of Herbert Spencer, 2nd edn (1904) (New York: Haskell House, 1982).

Hudson, W. D., Modern Moral Philosophy, 2nd edn (London: Macmillan, 1983).

Hughes, C., Kripke: Names, Necessity, and Identity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Hume, David:

A Treatise on Human Nature (1739-40), ed. & introd. L. A. Selby-Bigge; 2rd edn revd & notes P. H. Nidditch (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978); also ed. E. Mossner (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985).

Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1779), ed. J. C. A. Gaskin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998); also ed. M. Bell (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990).

Enquiries concerning the Human Understanding (1748), and concerning the Principles of Morals (1751), ed. & introd. L. A. Selby-Bigge; 3rd edn revd & notes P. H. Nidditch (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).

The Natural History of Religion (1757), ed. J. C. A. Gaskin [included with Dialogues — see above]; also ed. N. Kemp Smith (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, Library of Liberal Arts, 1947).

Hunt, H. A. M., The Humanism of Cicero (London: Methuen, 1954).

Husserl, Edmund:

Cartesian Meditations: Introduction to Phenomenology (Cartesianische Meditationen, 1929, published 1950); trans. D. Cairns (Dordecht: Kluwer, 1988).

Ideas towards a Pure Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy, I ("Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie", 1913), trans. F. Kersten (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1982); Books II, 1912, and III reconstructed and published posthumously: II, trans. R. Rojcewicz and A. Schuwer. (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1989);. III, trans. T. E. Klein and W. E. Pohl (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1980).

Logical Investigations (Logische Untersuchungen), Part I (Prolegomena to a Pure Logic), 1900; 2nd edn 1913; Part II (Investigations on Phenomenology and Theory of Knowledge), 1901; 2nd edn (i) 1913, (ii) 1922; 2nd edn trans. J. N. Findlay (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973).

"Phenomenology", Encyclopedia Britannica, 1929.

"Philosophy as Rigorous Science" (Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft, 1911), in Q. Lauer (ed.), Phenomenology and the Crisis of Philosophy (New York: Harper, 1965).

The Crisis of European Philosophy and Transcendental Philosophy ("Die Krisis der Europischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Philosophie", 1936); trans. & introd. D. Carr (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1970).

The Idea of Phenomenology (Die Idee der Phnomenologie, 1907, published 1950); trans. W. P. Alston and G. Nakhnikian (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1964).

[Selections] in R. Solomon (ed.) (1972) (q.v.).

Hussey, E., The Presocratics (London: Duckworth, 1972)

Hutcheson , Francis:

An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue (1725);

Essay on the Nature and Conduct of the Passions and Affections (1728);

Illustrations on the Moral Sense (1728);

System of Moral Philosophy (1755)

Mautner, T. (ed. & Introd.), Two Texts on Human Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

[Selection] Selby-Bigge, L. A. (1887) (q.v.).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Ihde, D., Hermeneutic Phenomenology: The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1971).

Ingram, D., Habermas and the Dialectic of Reason (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1987).

Inwood, B. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Inwood, M., Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Inwood, B. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Irwin, T. H., Plato's Ethics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).

Irwin, T. H., Classical Thought (Oxford:. Oxford University Press, 1988).

Irwin, T. H., Aristotle's First Principles (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Jacquette, D. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Brentano (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

James, William:

A Pluralistic Universe (1909) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2005).

Essays in Radical Empiricism (1912) (New York: Dover, 2003).

Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking (1907), introd. A. J. Ayer (Cambridge, MA & London: Harvard University Press, 1975); or Pragmatism and Other Writings, ed. with introd. G. Gunn (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

The Meaning of Truth (1909), ibid.

The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature (1902) (Harmondsworth:. Penguin, 1995).

Janaway, C., Schopenhauer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Janaway, C., Self and World in Schopenhauer's Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Janaway, C. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Jardine, L., Francis Bacon: Discovery and the Art of Discourse (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974).

Jaspers, Karl:

Philosophy (Philosophie, 1932), 3 volumes, trans. E. R. Ashton (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1969-71).

Philosophy of Existence (Existenzphilosophie, 1938), trans. R. F. Grabau (Philadelphia: Pennsylvania University Press, 1971).

Reason and Existenz (Vernunft und Existenz, 1935), trans. W. Earle (New York: Noonday Press, 1955).

The Perennial Scope of Philosophy (Der Philosophische Glaube, 1948), trans. R. Manheim (New York: Philosophical Library, 1949).

Jolley (ed.), N., The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Jones, R. M., The Platonism of Plutarch (Menasha, WI: G. Banta Publishing, 1916).

Jones, R. M., Studies of Mystical Religion (1909) (London: Macmillan, 1970).

Joseph, M., Donald Davidson (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2004).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Kahn, C. H., The Art and Thought of Heraclitus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Kahn, C. H., Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology (1960) (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994).

Kant, Immanuel:

Critique of Judgement (Kritik der Urteilskraft), 1790), trans. W. Pluhar, introd. M. J. Gregor (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987); or J. C. Meredith (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1928).

Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft, 1788), trans. L. W. Beck (Indianapolis & New York: Bobbs-Merrill, Library of Liberal Arts, 1956).

Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft, 1st edition, 1781; 2nd edition, 1787), 2nd edn trans. N. Kemp Smith (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003); or trans. P. Guyer and A. Wood (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998); V. Politis (London: Dent, Everyman Series, 1993); or ed. with introd. M. Weigelt (Harmondsworth: Penguin,. ).

Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, (Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten, 1785), trans. H. J. Paton, The Moral Law (London: Hutchinson, 1948); also ed. J. Ellington (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1992).

[Both of these works on ethics are contained in M. Gregor & R. J. Sullivan (eds), Practical Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.)]

Metaphysic of Morals: I. Metaphysical Principles of Law; II. Metaphysical Principles of Virtue Metaphysik der Sitten (1797) [I. Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre; II. Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Tugendlehre], trans. M. Gregor & R. J. Sullivan (eds) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics (Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik die als Wissenschaft auftreten können, 1783), trans. P. G. Lucas (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1953) L. W. Beck (Indianapolis & New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1950), or J. Ellington (Indianapolis:. Hackett, 2002).

Religion within the Limits of Mere Reason, (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft, 1793), trans. T. M. Greene & H. H. Hudson (New York: Harper & Row, 1960).

Kashap, S. P. (ed), Studies in Spinoza: Critical and Interpretive Essays (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1973).

Kaufmann, W., Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist (1969) (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975).

Kavka, G., Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986).

Kazemeier, B. H. & Vuysje, D. (eds), Logic and Language. (Dordrecht:. Reidel, 1962).

Kearney, R. (ed.), Paul Ricoeur: The Hermeneutics of Action (London:. Sage, 1996).

Kelly, E., Structure and Diversity. Studies in the Phenomenological Philosophy of Max Scheler (Boston, Dordrecht, London: Kluwer, 1997).

Kemp, G., Quine: A Guide for the Perplexed (London & New York: Continuum, 2006).

Kenny, A (ed.), Aquinas: A Collection of Critical Essays (1969) (New York: Doubleday, Anchor, 1976).

Kenny, A., Aquinas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1980).

Kenny, A., Aquinas on Mind (London: Routledge, 1994).

Kenny, A., Descartes: A Study of his Philosophy (New York: Random House, 1968).

Kenny, A., Wittgenstein (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975).

Kerferd (ed.), G. B., The Sophists and their Legacy (Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1981).

Kerferd, G. B., The Sophistic Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Kierkegaard, Soren:

Concluding Unscientific Postscript (Afsluttende uvidenskabelig Efterskrift til de Philosophiske Smuler, 1846), trans. D. F. Swenson & W. Lowrie (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968).

Either/Or: A Fragment of Life (Enten-Eller: Et Livs Fragment, 1843), I, trans. D. F. & L. M. Swenson; II, W. Lowrie; both revd trans. with Foreword H. A. Johnson (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988) also (abridged) ed. V. Eremita, trans. A. Hannay (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992).

Philosophical Fragments (Philosophiske Smuler, 1844), revd trans. E. H. & H. V. Hong, introd. & comm. N. Thulstrup (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985).

Sickness unto Death (Sygdommen til Dden, 1849) [with Fear and Trembling], trans. with introd, & notes W. Lowrie (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968); also trans. A. Hannay (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1989).

The Concept of Dread (Begrebet Angest (1844), trans. W. Lowrie (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968)).

Hannay, A. (trans.), Papers and Journals: A Selection, with introd. & notes (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1996).

Hollander, L. M., Selections from the Writings of Kierkegaard (New York: Doubleday, Anchor, 1960).

Rée, J. &. Chamberlain, J. (eds), Kierkegaard: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001).

Kilmister, C. W., Russell (Brighton, Sussex: Harvester, 1984).

Kirk, G. S., Raven, J. E., and Schofield, M., The Presocratic Philosophers, 2nd edn (Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Kirkham, R., Theories of Truth (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992).

Kirwan, C., Augustine (1989) (London: Routledge, 1999).

Klemke, E. D. (ed.), Essays on Frege (1969) (Urbana. IL: University of Illinois Press, 1989).

Knight, I., The Geometric Spirit: The AbbE de Condillac and the French Enlightenment (New Haven: Yale, 1968).

Knopf, I., The Anatomy of Enquiry (New York: Knopf, 1963).

Knowles, D., The Evolution of Medieval Thought (London: Longmans, 1962).

Kolakowski, L., Bergson (1985) (South Bend, IN. St Augustine's Press, 2001).

Körner, S., Kant (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1955, 1990).

Kors, A., D'Holbach's Coterie (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976).

Kovach, F. and Shahan, R. (eds.), Albert the Great: Commemorative Essays (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980).

Kraut, R. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Plato (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Kretzmann, N. & Stump, E.(eds), The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Kripke, Saul:

'Identity and Necessity' — in A. W. Moore (ed.) (1993) (q.v.).

Naming and Necessity, revd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 1980).

Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language (Oxford: Blackwell, 1982).

Kubitz, O. A., The Development of John Stuart Mill's System of Logic (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1932).


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Lacey, A. R., Bergson (1989) (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1999).

Ladd, E. C., Jr., "HelvEtius and d'Holbach", in Journal of the History of Ideas 23(2) (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1962).

Lawn C., Gadamer: A Guide for the Perplexed (London & New York: Continuum, 2006).

Leaman, O., Averroes and his Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988).

Leaman, O., Maimonides (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1990).

Leaman, O., An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Lear, J., Aristotle: The Desire to Understand (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Leclerc, I., Whitehead's Metaphysics (1958) (Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1975).

Leff, G., William of Ockham: The Metamorphosis of Scholastic Discourse (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1975).

Leibniz, Gottfried von:

Discourse on Metaphysics (Discours de MEtaphysique), trans. P. G. Lucas & L. Grint (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1953).

Monadology (Monadologie, 1714).

New Essays on the Human Understanding (Nouveaux Essais sur l'Entendement Humain, 1765), trans. P. Remnant and J. Bennett (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).

New System of Nature and of the Interaction of Substances (Systéme Nouveau de la Nature et de la Communication des Substances, 1695).

The Principles of Nature and of Grace (Principes de la Nature et de la Grce, 1714).

Ariew, R. & Garbner, G. (eds), Philosophical Essays (Indianapolis, 1989). [Contains the above essays with exception of the New Essays.]

Mason H. T. (trans.), Arnauld (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1967).

Clarke, S. & Alexander, H. G. (trans.), Correspondence with Clarke (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1956).

Lepore, E. and van Gulick, R. (eds), John Searle and his Critics (Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1991).

LePore, E. and Ludwig, K., Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language and Reality (Oxford: Clarendon Press 2005).

LePore E., (ed.), Truth and Interpretation: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson (1989) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005).

LePore, E. & McLaughlin, B. (eds), Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988).

Lewy, H., Altmann, A., Heinemann, S. (eds), Three Jewish Philosophers (1960) (New Milford, CT: Toby Press, 2006).

Lindsay, A. D., The Philosophy of Henri Bergson (1911) (Port Washington, NY: Kenniket, 1968).

Lindsay, J., Cause, Principle and Unity (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood Press, 1977).

Locke, J.,

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, ed. P. H. Nidditch (Oxford University Press, 1975); or ed. with introd.& notes R. Woolhouse (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1997).

Second Treatise on Civil Government, ed. E. Barker (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1948); or ed. P. Laslett (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Long, A. & I. Stone (eds.), Problems in Stoicism (London: Athlone, 1971).

Long, A. A. and Sedley, D. N., The Hellenistic Philosophers, vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Long, A. A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Long, A. A., Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Louth, A., Denys the Areopagite (1989) (New York & London: Continuum, 2002).

Lowe, V., Victor Alfred North Whitehead (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985).

Luce, A. A., Berkeley's Immaterialism: A Commentary on His Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (London: Nelson, 1945).

Luce, A. A., Berkeley and Malebranche (1934) (London: Garland Science Press, 1989).

Lucretius [Epicurus]:

On the Things of Nature, Loeb Classical Library edition, trans. W. H. D. Rouse, revd M. F. Smith (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992); also as On the Nature of the Universe, trans. J. Godwin, intro. & notes R. Latham (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994).

Lyons, W., Gilbert Ryle: an introduction to his philosophy (Brighton, Sx: Harvester, 1980).

Lyons, W., 'Is Hare's Prescriptivism Morally Neutral?', Ethics, April 1972 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1972).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



McAlisdair, L., The Philosophy of Franz Brentano (London: Duckworth, 1976).

McCarthy, T., The Critical Theory of Jrgen Habermas (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1978, 81).

MacDonald, M. (ed.), Philosophy and Analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954).

Mace, C. A. (ed.), British Philosophy at Mid-Century (London: Allen and Unwin, 1966).

McEvoy, J., The Philosophy of Robert Grosseteste (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

McGrade, A. S. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

McGuiness, B. (ed.), Collected Papers on Mathematics, Logic and Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 1984).

McGuinness, B. (ed.), Moritz Schlick (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1986)

McGuinness, B. & Oliveri, G. (eds.), The Philosophy of Michael Dummett (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1994).

Machiavelli, Niccolo:

The Prince (Il Principe, 1513), trans. G. Bull, introd. A, Grafton (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).

Florentine History Istorie fiorentine (1520-25) ();

Discourses on the First Decade of Tito Livy (Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livia, 1526), ed. with introd. B. Crick, trans. L. Walker & B. Richardson (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983).

Gilbert, A., Machiavelli: The Chief Works and Others, 3 vols (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1965).

McKeon, R. (ed.), Selections from Medieval Philosophers, 2 vols (New York: Scribners, 1957).

Mackie, J. L., Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977).

Mackie, J. L., Problems from Locke (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976).

McKirahan, R. D., Philosophy Before Socrates (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994).

McLellan, D., Marx (London: Collins, Fontana, Modern Masters, 1997).

McLellan, D., Karl Marx: His Life and Thought (London:. Macmillan, 1973).

McNiven, E., A Critical Study of Condillac's TraitE des Systems (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1979).

Macrae, D., The Man versus the State: With Four Essays on Politics and Society (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970).

Madison, G., Working through Derrida (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1993).

Magee, B., Popper (London: Collins, Fontana Modern Masters, 1973).

Magnus, B. & Higgins, K. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).


Guide for the Perplexed [Dalālat al-Hā'irīn], trans. & ed. S. Pines, in edn by M. Friedlander, 2 vols (1963) (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1974).

Malcolm, N., 'Anselm's Ontological Arguments' in Knowledge and Certainty (New York: Cornell University Press, 1975).

Malebranche, Nicolas:

Dialogues on Metaphysics and on Religion (1688) (Entretiens sur la Métaphysique et sur la Religion), trans. N. Jolley & D. Scott (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

The Search after Truth (De la Recherche de la Vérité, 1674-5), trans. T. M. Lennon, P. J.Olscamp, & J. Ameriks (1980) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Malichowski, A. R., Richard Rorty (Oxford:. Blackwell, Acumen 2002).

Manser, A., Sartre, A Philosophic Study (Athlone: London, 1966).

Manser, A. R., and Stock, G., (eds) The Philosophy of F. H. Bradley (1984) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Marenbon, J., Early Medieval Philosophy 480-1150 (London: Routledge, 1988).

Marenbon, J., Later Medieval Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1991).

Marenbon, J., The Philosophy of Peter Abelard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Marina, J. (ed)., The Cambridge Companion to Friedrich Schleiermacher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Marrone, S. P., William Auvergne and Robert Grosseteste: New Ideas of Truth in the Early Thirteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983).

Marrone, S. P., Truth and Scientific Knowledge in the Thought of Henry of Ghent (Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy, 1985).

Martin, C. B. and Armstrong, D. M. (eds), Locke and Berkeley: A Collection of Critical Essays (London: Macmillan, 1968).

Marx, Karl:

Das Kapital (vol. 1, 1867; vols 2-3, 1885 & 1894) (Capital: A Critique of Political Economy), vol. I, ed. E. Mandel & B. Fowkes; vol. II, ed. E. Mandel & D. Fernbach (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992, 93); also World's classics abridged edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

'Introduction to the Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy of the Right' ('Zur Kritik der Hegelschen Rechtsphilosophie', 1844) [in his Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts — in McLellan, below].

[With Engels] The Communist Manifesto (Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, 1847).

The German Ideology (Die deutsche Ideologie, 1845-6, published 1932), Pt I ed. and Introd. C. J. Arthur (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1970) also contains selections from Pts II & III, 'Theses on Feuerbach', and the unfinished Introduction to a Critique of Political Economy (1857).

'Theses on Feuerbach' (1845, published 1888) — as above.

McLellan, D. (ed.), Karl Marx: Selected Writings, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) [includes 'Introduction to the Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy', The Manifesto, The German Ideology, and 'Theses on Feuerbach'].

Marx, W., The Philosophy of F. W. J. Schelling: History, System, Freedom (Bloomington:. Indiana University Press, 1984).

Mates, B., The Philosophy of Leibniz (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Mates, B., The Skeptic Way: Sextus Empiricus's Outlines of Pyrrhonism. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996) .

Matthews, E., Merleau-Ponty: A Guide for the Perplexed (New York & London: Continuum, 2006).

Mays, W., The Philosophy of Whitehead (1939) (London: Routledge, 2002).

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice:

Adventures of the Dialectic (Les Aventures de la dialectique, 1955), trans. J. Bien (Evanston, IL: Northwestern Univ. Press, 1973.);

Consciousness and the Acquisition of Language (La Conscience et l'acquisition de la langage, 1964), trans. H. Silverman (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University. Press, 1973).

Eye and Mind (L'Œil et l'esprit, 1964), in Phenomenology, Language and Sociology, ed. J. O'Neill — below.

Signs (Signes, 1960), trans. R. McCleary (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University. Press, 1964).

The Phenomenology of Perception (Phénoménologie de la perception, 1945), trans. C. Smith (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1962).

The Structure of Behaviour (La Structure du comportement, 1942), trans. A. L. Fisher (London: Methuen, 1965).

The Visible and the Invisible (Le Visible et l'invisible, 1964), trans. A. Lingis (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1968).

O'Neill, J. (ed.), Phenomenology, Language and Sociology:. Selected Essays of Merleau-Ponty. (London: Heinemann, 1974).

Mill, John Stuart:

Auguste Comte and Positivism (1865) (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1961).

Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy (1865) (London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer, 1867).

On Liberty (1859), ed. A. Ryan, On Liberty [also includes The Subjection of Women] (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2006).

System of Logic (1843) (Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, 2006).

Three Essays on Religion (1874) (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998).

Utilitarianism (1863) in A. Ryan (ed.), Mill, John Stuart and Bentham, Jeremy: Utilitarianism and Other Essays (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).

Misak C., (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Peirce (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Moore, A. W. (ed.), Meaning and Reference (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Moore, George:

Ethics (1912) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Philosophical Papers (London:. Allen & Unwin, 1959)

Philosophical Studies (1922) (London: Routledge, 2000).

Principia Ethica (1903) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968).

Some Main Problems of Philosophy (lectures, 1919/11) (London and New York: Harper Collins, 1953).

'The Nature of Judgement', Mind (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

'Wittgenstein's Lectures in 1930-33', Mind, 63, 64, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954 & 55).

Mora, J. F., Ortega y Gasset, revd edn (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1963).

Moran, D., Introduction to Phenomenology (London: Routledge, 1999).

Moran, D., The Philosophy of John Scotus Eriugena (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Moravcsik, J. M. E. (ed.), Aristotle (London: Macmillan, 1968).

Mourelatos, A. D. P., The Route of Parmenides: a Study in Word, Image and Argument in the Fragments (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1970).

Mourelatos, A. P. D (ed.), The Pre-Socratics: a Collection of Critical Essays (1974) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).

Mullaney, T. U., Suarez on Human Freedom (Baltimore, MD: Carroll Press, 1950).

Munitz, M. K., The Moral Philosophy of Santayana (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood, 1973).

Munson, T. N., Essential Wisdom of George Santayana (New York: Columbia University Press, 1962).

Murdoch, I., Sartre, Romantic Rationalist (London: Collins, Fontana, 1967).

Murphey, M. G., The Development of Peirce's Philosophy (1961) (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1993).

Murray, M. (ed.), Heidegger and Modern Philosophy (New Haven, CT:. Yale University Press, 1978).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Nadler, S. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Malebranche (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Narveson, J., 'Liberalism, Utilitarianism, and Fanaticism', Ethics, April 1978 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1978).

Natanson, M., Edmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1973),

Neuhouser, F., Fichte's Theory of Subjectivity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Nicholas of Cusa:

De Docta Ignorantia (1440) (On Learned Ignorance).

Nidditich, P. H. (ed.), The Philosophy of Science (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968).

Nietzsche, Friedrich:

A Genealogy of Morals (Zur Genealogie der Moral, 1887), trans. H. B. Samuel, 1918 (New York: Dover, 2003).

Beyond Good and Evil (Jenseits von Gut und Böse, 1886), trans. J. J. Hollingdale, introd. T. Tanner (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).

Human, All-too-Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, 1878-9), trans. M. Faber & S. Lehmann, introd. & notes M. Faber (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994).

Joyful Wisdom [Knowledge] (Die fröhliche Wissenschaft, 1882), trans. as The Gay Science by W. Kaufmann, with commentary (New York: Random House, Vintage Books, 1974) [includes Ecce Homo].

The Birth of Tragedy (Die Geburt der Tragdie, 1872), trans. S. Whiteside, ed. M. Tanner (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993).

The Will to Power (Der Wille zur Macht, 1884-8) [not completed] trans. & ed. W. Kaufmann (New York: Random House, Vintage Books, 1968).

Thus Spake Zarathustra (Also Sprach Zarathustra, 1883-5), trans. R. J. Hollingdale (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969).

Kaufmann, W. (trans. & ed.), Nietzsche: Basic Writings (1968) (New York: Random House, The Modern Library, 1992).

Hollingdale, R. J., A Nietzsche Reader (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).

Noone, T., 'William of Ockham', in J. J. C. Garcia (ed.) (2005) (q.v.).

Norman, R., Hegel's Phenomenology (Brighton: Sussex University Press, 1976).

Norris, C., Deconstruction: Theory and Practice (London: Methuen, 1982).

Norris, C., Derrida (London: Collins, Fontana, 1987).

Norton, D. F. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hume (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Nota, J. H., S. J., Max Scheler, the Man and his Work (De man en zijn werk), trans. T. Plantinga & J. H. Nota (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1983).

Nozick, R., Anarchy, State and Utopia (Oxford: Blackwell, 1974).


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O'Connor, D. J., John Locke (1952) (New York: Dover, 1967).

O'Daly, G., Augustine's Philosophy of Mind (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).

O'Flaherty, J. C., Unity and Language: A Study in the Philosophy of Johann Georg Hamann (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1952).

O'Hagan, T., Rousseau (London: Routledge, 1999).

O'Hear, A., Karl Popper (London: Routledge, 1980).

Olson, A. M., Transcendence and Hermeneutics: An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1979).

O'Meara, D., Plotinus (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Oppenheim, F. M., Royce's Mature Ethics, (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993).

Royce's Mature Philosophy of Religion (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).

Royce's Voyage Down Under: A Journey of the Mind (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1980).

Orenstein, A., W. V. O. Quine (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2002).

Ortega y Gasset, José:

History as a System. (Historia como sistema, 1941), trans. H. Weyl, with an afterword by J. W. Miller (New York & London: Norton, 1962).

'Ideas and Beliefs' ('Ideas y creencias', 1940) trans J. Garcia-Gomez in What is Knowledge? (¿Qué es conconciemento?). (Albany NY:. State University of New York, 2001).

Man and People (El hombre y la gente, 1957), trans. W. Trask (New York: Norton & Co., 1980).

Meditations on Quixote (Meditaciones del 'Quijote', 1914), trans. E. Ruegg and D. Marin (New York: Norton & Co., 1961).

The Revolt of the Masses (La rebeliUn de las masas, 1930), trans. J. R. Carey (New York: Norton, 1993).

'Truth and Perspective' ('Verdad y Perspectiva', 1916), published in El espectador, vol. I (1916).

What is Philosophy? (¿QuE es filosofIa?, 1958) , trans. M. Adams (New York:. Norton & Co., 1964).

Osbourne, C. The PreSocratics: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

O'Sullivan, N., Santayana (St Albans, Herts: Claridge, 1992).

Outhwaite, W., Habermas: A Critical Introduction (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994).


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Parkinson, G. H. R., Logic and Reality in Leibniz's Metaphysics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965).

Parkinson, G. H. R., The Theory of Meaning (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

Passmore, J., A Hundred Years of Philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968); Supplement: Recent Philosophy (London: Duckworth, 1985).

Patch, H. R., The Tradition of Boethius, A Study of its Importance in Medieval Culture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975).

Paton, H. J., The Categorical Imperative (London: Hutchinson, 1947).

Pattison, G., The Philosophy of Kierkegaard (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2005).

Pears, D. F., (ed.), Bertrand Russell: A Collection of Critical Essays (New York: Doubleday, 1972).

Pears, D. F., Bertrand Russell and the British Tradition in Philosophy (London: Collins, Fontana, 1967).

Pears, D. F. Hume's System (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Pears, D. F., (ed.), The Freedom of the Will (New York: St Martin's Press, 1963).

Pears, D. F., The Nature of Metaphysics (1957) (London: Macmillan, 1966).

Pears, D., Wittgenstein (London: Collins, Fontana, 1971).

Pearson, K. Ansell, Philosophy and the Adventure of the Virtual: Bergson and the Time of Life (London: Routledge, 2002).

Peirce, Charles:

Houser, N. & Kloeser, C. (eds), The Essential Peirce, 2 vols (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1992, 1998).

Moore, H. (ed.), Peirce: Essential Writings (London: Prometheus, 1999).

Peltonen, M. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Penelhum, T., Butler (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985).

Perry, R. B., In the Spirit of William James (1938) (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood Press, 1979).

Peters, R., Hobbes (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1956; 1967)

Philip, J. A., Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism (Toronto, Toronto University Press, 1966).


The Works of Philo Judaeus, trans. Charles Duke Yonge (1854-9); reprt (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1993); or trans. F. H. Colson, G. H. Whitaker, Loeb Classical Library edition (1929-62), 10 vols, and 2 supplementary vols trans. R. Marcus (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Pitcher, G., Berkeley (London: Routledge, 1977).

Pitcher, G., Truth (Englewood Cliffs, NJ:. Prentice-Hall, 1964).

Pitcher, P. (ed.), Wittgenstein: The Philosophical Investigations (London: Macmillan, 1968).

Plamenatz, J., The English Utilitarians (Oxford: Blackwell, 1958).

Plantinga, T., Historical Understanding in the Thought of Wilhelm Dilthey (1980) (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1993).


Early Socratic Dialogues, ed. & trans. T. Saunders with introd. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005).

Gorgias, trans. W. Hamilton, ed. C. Emlyn-Jones (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2004).

The Last Days of Socrates, trans. H. Tarrant & H. Tredinnick, introd, H. Tarrant (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).

Phaedrus, ed & trans. C. Rowe (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005).

Philebus, ed. & trans. R. Waterfield, (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2006).

Protagoras and Meno, trans. A. Beresford, intro. L. Brown (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005).

Republic, ed. & Introd. R. Waterfield (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

The Symposium, trans. with Introd. C. Gill (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2003).

Theaetetus, ed. R. Waterfield (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).

Timaeus and Critias, trans. with introd. D. Lee (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974).

Cooper, J. (ed.), Complete Works (Indianapolis:. Hackett, 1997).

[Works, Loeb Classical Library edition, various translators, 12 vols (1921-53) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]


Enneads, abridged edn with intro. & notes J. Dillon, trans. S. MacKenna (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991).

[Works: Loeb Classical Library edition, trans. A. H. Armstrong, 7 vols (1969-84) (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).]


Parallel Lives (Bioi paralleloi),. trans. B. Perrin (Loeb Classical Library) 11 vols (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989).

Moral Essays (Moralia), Loeb Classical Library, various translators (1927-59), 16 vols (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Kidd, I. (ed. & intro.), trans. R. Waterfield, intro. F. Kidd, Essays (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993).

Russell, D. A., Selected Essays and Dialogues (Oxford: Oxford University Press, World's Classics, 1963).

Pöggeler, O., Martin Heidegger's Path of Thinking, trans. D. Magurshak and S. Barber (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1987).

Polt, R., Heidegger: An Introduction (London: Routledge, 1998).

Popper, Karl:

Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (1963), 4th revd edn (London: Routledge, 1972).

Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach (1972), revd edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Die Logik der Forschung, 1934), trans. by Popper, revd edn (London: Hutchinson, 1972).

The Open Society and its Enemies (1943), new one vol. edn (London: Routledge, 2000).


see Long & Sedley.


Elements of Theology, trans. and ed. with introd. E. R. Dodds (1933) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963)

The Platonic Theology, trans. T. Taylor (1816), 6 vols (New York: Selene Books, 1986).


see McKirahan.


The Divine Names and The Mystical Theology, trans. C. E. Rolt, 2nd edn (1940) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 1998).

The Mystical Theology and The Celestial Hierarchies (Godalming: The Shrine of Wisdom, 1949).

Putnam, Hilary:

Matter and Method: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).

Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975). 'Meaning and Reference' (1973) in A. W. Moore (ed.) (1993) (q.v.).

Meaning and the Moral Sciences (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978).

Reason, Truth and History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Representation and Reality (1988) (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991).

'Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized' (1981), in K. Baynes et al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

Putnam, R. A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to William James (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Pyle, A., Malebranche, (London: Routledge, 2003).


see Long & Sedley.


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.


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Quin, J. F., The Historical Constitution of St Bonaventure's Philosophy (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1973).

Quine, Willard:

From a Logical Point of View (New York: Harper & Row, 1953).

The Roots of Reference (1973) (La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1990).

Word and Object (Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press, 1960).

Quinton, A., Francis Bacon (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1980).


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Ramberg, B., Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language: An Introduction (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989).

Raphael, D. D., The Moral Sense (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1947).

Rawls, John:

A Theory of Justice (1971); revd edn (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991

Political Liberalism (1991); revd edn (Columbia: Columbia University Press, 1996).

Freeman, S. (ed.), Collected Papers, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).

Redeker, M., Friedrich Schleiermacher: Life and Thought, trans. J. Wallhausser (1973) (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984).

Regan, C. E. (ed.), Studies in the Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1979).

Rescher, N., The Philosophy of Leibniz (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1986).

Richardson, A. W., Carnap's Construction of the World: the Aufbau and the Emergence of Empiricism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Ricketts, T., Cambridge Companion to Frege (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Rickman, H. P., Dilthey Today: A Critical Appraisal of the Contemporary Relevance of His Work (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1988).

Rickman, H. P., Wilhelm Dilthey: Pioneer of the Human Studies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979).

Ricoeur, Paul:

Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary (Le Volontaire et l'involontaire, 1950) (Part I of La Philosophie de la volonté), trans. E. V. Kohak (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1966).

Fallible Man (L'homme faillible, 1960), trans. C. Kelbley (Chicago: Regnery, 1965); and The Symbolism of Evil (La Symbolique du mal, 1960), trans. E. Buchanan (Boston: Beacon Press, 1969) (both works constituting Part II of La Philosophie de la volonté).

Freud and Philosophy: an Essay on Interpretation (De l'InterprEtation: Essai sur Freud 1965), trans. D Savage (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970).

Husserl: An Analysis of his Philosophy (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1967).

'On Interpretation', in A. Montefiore (ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983); reprinted in K. Baynes et al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).

The Conflict of Interpretations: Essays in Hermeneutics (Le Conflit des interprEtations: essais des herméneutique, 1969), trans. W. Domingo et al., ed. D. Ihde (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1974).

The Rule of Metaphor (La Métaphore vive 1975), trans. R. Czerny, K. McLaughlin, and J. Costello (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977).

Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation, trans. and ed. J. B. Thompson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Time and Narrative (Temps et récit, 3 vols, 1983-5), trans. K. McLaughlin and D. Pellauer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984, 85, & 88).

From Text to Action: Essays in Hermeneutics II , trans. K. Blamey & J. B. Thompson (London: Athlone Press, 1991).

Regan, C. & Stewart, D. (eds), The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur: An Anthology of his Work (Boston: Beacon Press, 1978).

Riley P., (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Rist, J. M. (ed.), Augustine: Ancient Thought Baptized (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Rist, J. M., Plotinus: The Road to Reality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).

Rist, J. M. Stoic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969).

Rist, J. M. (ed.), The Stoics (Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1978).

Rist, J. M., Epicurus: An Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972).

Rolt, C. E., Introduction to the Life and Writings of Pseudo-Dionysius (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2005).

Rome, B. K., The Philosophy of Malebranche (Chicago: H. Regnery, 1963).

Rorty, Richard:

Consequences of Pragmatism (1982) (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992). ['Pragmatism and Philosophy', included in this book, reprinted in K. Baynes, et al. (eds) (1987) (q.v.).]

Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Essays on Heidegger and Others [Philosophical Papers II] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth [Philosophical Papers I] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, & Oxford: Blackwell, 1980).

Truth and Progress (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Rosán, L. J., The Philosophy of Proclus: The Final Phase of Ancient Thought (New York: Cosmos, 1949).

Rosen, M., Hegel's Dialectic and its Criticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).

Ross, G. MacD., Leibniz (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1984 ).

Ross, W. D., Aristotle, revd edn, introd. J. L. Ackrill (London: Routledge, 1995).

Roth, L., The Guide for the Perplexed, Moses Maimonides (London: Hutchinson, 1948).

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques:

A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality among Men (Discours de l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes, 1755), trans. with introd. G. D. H. Cole. revd J. H. Brumfitt & J. C. Hall (London: Dent, Everyman, 1978) [includes Social Contract]; also trans. with introd. & notes M. Cranston (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1984); or World's Classics, ed. P. Franklin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999) [includes Discourse on Political Economy and Social Contract].

The Social Contract (Contrat sociale, 1762), trans. with introd. G. D. H. Cole [as above]; also trans. M. Cranston (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2006); or ed. P. Franklin — see above.

Émile: Ou du l'Education (1762) (includes La Profession de foi du vicaire savoyard — 'The Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar' ) (London: Dent, Everyman, 1993).

Reveries of a Solitary Walker (1779; publ. 1782) (Les RIveries du promeneur solitaire), trans. P. France (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979).

Royce, Josiah:

The Religious Aspect of Philosophy (1885) (New York: Harper, 1958).

The World and the Individual (1901-2) (Magnolia, MA; P. Smith Inc., 1976).

Philosophy of Loyalty (1908) (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger, 2004).

'Kant's Relation to Modern Philosophical Progress', Journal of Speculative Philosophy, vol 15, pp. 360-81 (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1881; rept Journal 1867-93 (New York: Thoemmes Continuum, 2002).

McDermott J. J. (ed.), The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, 2 vols (New York: Fordham University Press, 2005).

Russell, Bertrand:

A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, 2nd edn (1937); introd. J. Slater (London: Routledge, 1992).

An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth (1940) (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970).

Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits (1948); introd. J. Slater (London: Routledge, 1992).

Logic and Knowledge (1956), ed. R. C. Marsh (London: Routledge, 1988).

My Philosophical Development (1959); introd. T. Baldwin (London: Routledge, 1995).

Mysticism and Logic (1918), rept (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1981).

Our Knowledge of the External World (1914); introd. J. Slater (London: Routledge, 1993).

Philosophical Essays (1910), revd edn (London & New York: Harper Collins, 1966).

The Analysis of Mind (1921); ed. T. Baldwin (London: Routledge, 1989).

The Problems of Philosophy (1912); 2nd revd edn, introd. J. Skorupski (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Russell, M., Husserl: A Guide for the Perplexed (London & New York: Continuum, 2006)

Rutherford, R. B., The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: A Study (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Rutherford, D. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Early Modern Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Ryan, A., J. S. Mill (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974).

Ryle, Gilbert:

"Categories" (1938), in Flew (ed.) (1953) (q.v.).

Dilemmas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954).

Review of Carnap's Meaning and Necessity in Philosophy XXIV (London: Macmillan, 1949).

"Systematically Misleading Expressions" (1932), in Flew (ed.) (1951) (q.v.).

The Concept of Mind (1949); new edn with introd. by D. Dennett (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000).

'The Theory of Meaning' (1957) in Mace C. A. (ed.) (date) (q.v.).

'Use, Usage and Meaning' (1961), in Parkinson (ed.) (1968) (q.v.).


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Sainsbury, R. M., Russell (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979, 1999).

Salmon, W. C. (ed.), Zeno's Paradoxes (1970) (Indianapolis: Hackett, 2001).

Sallis (ed.), J., Merleau-Ponty: Perception, Structure, Language (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1981)

Sandmel, S., Philo of Alexandria: An Introduction (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Santas, G. X., Socrates: Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979).

Santayana, George:

Dominations and Powers (New York: Scribbins, 1951).

Realms of Being, 4 vols (New York:. 1927-40); in one vol. 1941 (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood, 1974).

Scepticism and Animal Faith (1923) (New York: Dover, 1955).

The Life of Reason, or, The Phases of Human Progress, 5 vols (New York:. 1905-06); in one vol. 1954 (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1998).).

The Sense of Beauty (1896) (New York: Cosimo, 2004).

Winds of Doctrine (London: Dent, 1913).

Sartre, Jean-Paul:

The Transcendence of the Ego: Outline of Phenomenological Description (Transcendance de l'ego, Esquisse d'une description phénomènologique, 1936), trans. as The Transcendence of the Ego. An Existentialist Theory of Consciousness by F. Williams & R. Kirkpatrick (New York: Nonnday Press, 1962).

Imagination (L'Imagination, 1936). trans. as A Psychological Critique by F. Williams (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1962).

The Emotions: Outline of a Theory (Esquisse d'une thEorie des Emotions, 1939), trans. B. Frechtman (New York: Philosophical Library, 1948).

Being and Nothingness. An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (L'Étre et le néant. Essai d'ontologie phénomènologique, 1943), trans. H. E. Barnes (London: Methuen, 1969).

Existentialism is a Humanism (L'Existentialism est un humanisme, 1946), trans. P. Mairet (London: Methuen, 1957).

Critique of Dialectical Reason [preceded by Question of Method] (Critique de la raison dialectique, précedé de Question de méthode, 1960), trans. A. Sheridan-Smith, ed. J. REe (London: New Left Books, 1976); Question de MEthode trans. separately as Search for a Method by H. E. Barnes (1963) (New York: Knopf, 1968).

Scarrow, D. S. 'Hare's Account of Moral Reasoning', Ethics, January 1966 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1966).

Schaper, E., Studies in Kant's Aesthetics (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1979).

Scheler, Max:

Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Values (Der Formalismus in der Ethik und die materiale Wertethik), 2 vols (1913-16), trans. M. S. Frings and R. L. Funk (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1973).

Contributions to Phenomenology and Theory of Sympathy and of Love and Hate (Zur Phänomenologie und Theorie der Sympathie-Gefühl und von Liebe und Hass, 1913); revd and reprinted as Wesen und Formen der Sympathie (1923) — below.

Man's Place in Nature (Die Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, 1928), trans. and introd. H. Meyerhof (New York: Noonday, 1961).

On the Eternal in Man (Vom Ewigen im Menschen, 1921), trans. B. Noble (London: SCM Press, 1960; Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1972).

Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge (Versuche zu einer Soziologie des Wissens, 1924) [expanded as Die

Wissenformen und die Gesellschaft (The Forms of Knowledge and Society), 1926], trans. M. S. Frings, ed., introd. K. W. Stikkers (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980).

The Nature [essence] [and Forms] of Sympathy (Wesen und Formen der Sympathie) (1923), trans. P. Heath, introd. W. Stark (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954; Hamden, CT: Archon, 1970).

Bershady, H. J., On Feeling, Knowing, and Valuing: Selected Writings (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992)

Lachterman, D. R. (trans.), Max Scheler: Selected Philosophical Essays (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1973).

Schelling, Friedrich:

A Presentation of my System of Philosophy (Darstellung meines System der Philosophie, 1801), trans. M. G. Vater, Philosophical Forum 32, Nr 4, pp. 339-71 (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001).

Concerning the Relation between the Plastic Arts and Nature (ber das Verhltniss der bildenden Knste zu der Natur, 1807), trans. as An Oration on the Relation Between the Plastic Arts and Nature by A. Johnson (London: J. Chapman, 1845).

Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature as Introduction to the Study of this Science (Ideen zu einer Philosophie der Natur als Einleitung in das Studium dieser Wissenschaft, 1797), trans. E. E. Harris & P. Heath, introd. R. Stern (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Lectures on the Method of Academic Study (Vorlesungen ber die Methode des akademischen Studiums, 1803), trans. as On University Studies by E. S. Morgan, ed. N. Guterman (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1966).

On the True Concept of Nature Philosophy and the Right Way to Solve its Problems (ber den wahren Begriff der Naturphilosophie und die richtige Art, ihre Probleme zu lsen, 1801). [No translation located.]

Philosophical Investigations on the Essence of Human Freedom (Philosophische Untersuchungen ber das Wesen der menschlichen Freiheit und die damit zusammenhngende Gegenstnde, 1809), trans. J. Gutman (La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1936)

Philosophy and Religion (Philosophie und Religion, 1804), trans. with introd. K. Ottmann (Putnam, CT: Spring Publishers, 2007).

Philosophy of Art (Philosophie der Kunst, 1802-3), trans. and ed. D. W. Stott (Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 1989).

Philosophy of Mythology (Philosophie der Mythologie, 1842). [No translation located but see E. A. Beach (1994).]

Philosophy of Revelation (Philosophie der Offenbarung, 1842-3). [Ditto.]

System of Transcendental Philosophy (System des transcendentalen Idealismus, 1800), trans. P. Heath, introd. M. G. Vater (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1978).

The Ages of the World (Die Weltalter, 1811), trans. S. Peetz (Frankfurt: Klostermann, 1990).

[Selections] in R. Bubner (ed.) (1997) (q.v.).

Schillp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XI) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1963).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of John Dewey (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. I, 1939); 3rd edn (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1989).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of Karl Jaspers (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. IX) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1981).

Schilpp, P. A., (ed.), The Philosophy of G. E. Moore (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. IV) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1942).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of Karl Popper (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XIV) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1974).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of W. V. Quine (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XVIII) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1982).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of Bertrand Russel (The Library of Living Philosophers Vol. V, 1944); 5th edn (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1971).

Schilpp, P. A., (ed.), The Philosophy of George Santayana (The Library of Living Philosophers vol. II) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1951).

Schilpp, P. A. (ed.), The Philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre (The Library of Living Philosophers Vol. XVI) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1981).

Schilpp, P. A., (ed.), The Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. III) (1941); 2nd edn (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1951).

Schleiermacher, Friedrich:.

Hermeneutics and Criticism (Hermeneutik und Kritik), trans. and ed. A. Bowie (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Hermeneutics: The Handwritten Manuscripts (Hermeneutik. Nach den Handschriften), trans. and ed. J. Duke and J. Forstman (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1986).

On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (ber die Religion: Reden an die Gebildern unter ihren Verchtern, 1799), trans. and ed. R. Crouter, J. Ameriks, D. Clarke (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Towards a Theory of Sociable Conduct (Versuch einer Theorie des geselligen Betragens, 1799), trans. and ed. R. D. Richardson — with Essays on Its Intellectual-Cultural Context) (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1995).

Schlick, Moritz:

'Are Natural Laws Conventions?' ('Sind die Naturgesetze Konventionen?', 1935), in H. Feigl and M. Brodbeck (eds) (1953) (q.v.)

Collected Papers (Gesammelte Aufstze 1926-36, 1938) [including 'Die Kausalitt in der gegenwrtigen Physik' (1931) ('Causality in Contemporary Physics', trans. D. Rynin in British Journal for the Philosophy of Science); 'ber das Fundament der Erkenntnis' (1934) ('On the Foundations of Knowledge', trans. D. Rynin); and 'Meaning and Verification' (1936)]; many of these papers are in A. J. Ayer (ed.) (1959) (q.v.)

'Facts and propositions' (1935), reprinted in M. MacDonald (ed.) (1954) (q.v.).

General Theory of Knowledge (Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre, 1918), trans. A. E. Blumberg and H. Feigl (1974) (La Salle, IL: Open Court Press, 1985).

'Is there a Factual A priori?' ('Gibt es ein materiales A priori?', 1930), trans. W. Sellars, in H. Feigl & W. Sellars (eds) (1949) (q.v.).

"Meaning and Verification" (1936), in H. Feigl and W. Sellars (eds) (1949) (q.v.).

Philosophy of Nature (Grundzge der Naturphilosophie, 1948), trans. A. Smeaton (London: Greenwood Press, 1968).

Problems of Ethics (Fragen der Ethik, 1930), trans, D. Rynin (New York:. Dover, 1961).

Schmitt, Heidegger on Being Human (1969) (Lincoln, NE:, 2000).

Schneewind, J. B. (ed.), Mill: A Collection of Critical Essays (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1968).

Schofield, M., An Essay on Anaxagoras (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980).

Schofield, M. and Striker, G. (eds), The Norms of Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986)

Schofield, M., Burnyeat, M. F., and Barnes, J. (eds), Doubt and Dogmatism: Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Schopenhauer, Arthur:

On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (Ueber die vierfache Wurzel des Satzes vom zureichenden Grunde, 1813), trans. E. F. J. Payne (La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1974).

The World as Will and Representation (Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung, 1818), trans. E. F. J. Payne (New York: Dover, 1969); also abridged edn of D. Berman, trans. J. Berman (London: Dent, Everyman, 1995).

Hollingdale, R. J. trans., Essays and Aphorisms (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976).

Schrag, O. O., Existence, Existenz and Transcendence: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers (Pittsburgh, PN: Duquesne University Press, 1971).

Scotus Duns — see Duns Scotus.

Scotus Eriugena, John:

On the Division of Nature (De divisione naturae), in R. McKeon (ed.) (1957) (q.v.).

Scruton, R., Kant (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982).

Scruton, R., A Short History of Modern Philosophy from Descartes to Wittgenstein (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984).

Scruton, R., Spinoza (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Searle, John:

Expression and Meaning: Essays in the Theory of Speech Acts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

'How to Derive "Ought" from "Is" ' (1964), in P. Foot (ed.) (1967) (q.v.).

Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Minds, Brains and Science (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984, and Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1989).

Mind, Language and Society — Philosophy in the Real World (New York: Basic Books, 1998).

'Proper Names' (1958), in P. F. Strawson (ed.) (1967) (q.v.).

Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969).

The Rediscovery of the Mind (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992).

The Construction of Social Reality (New York: Free Press, 1995).

(Ed.), The Philosophy of Language (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971). [Includes 'What is a Speech Act?' (1965).]

Sedley, D. (ed.) Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Seeskin, K. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Selby-Bigge, L. A., British Moralists (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1887).

Seneca, Lucius:

Moral Essays, trans J. W. Basore (1928), Loeb Classical Library, vols 1-3 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Moral Letters (Epistolae morales ad Lucilium ), selec. & trans. R. Campbell as Letters from a Stoic (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969); also trans. R. M Gummere (1961-2), Loeb Classical Library, vols 4-6 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Natural Questions, trans. T. H. Corcoran (1971), Loeb Classical Library, vols 7 & 10 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

On the Shortness of Life (De brevitate vitae) — see Costa (ed.) below.

On the Tranquillity of Mind (De tranquillitate animi) — see Costa (ed.) below.

Costa, C. (ed. and trans. with Notes), Dialogues and Letters. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2005) [includes On the Shortness of Life and On the Tranquillity of Mind].

Forstater, M. & Radin, V. (eds), The Spiritual Teachings of Seneca (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2001).

Sextus Empiricus:

Against the Dogmatists trans. R. G. Bury (1933-49), Loeb Classical Library, vols. 2-4 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).

Hypotyposes — Outlines of Pyrrhonism, trans. J. Annas, and J. Barnes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994); also trans. R. G. Bury, op. cit., vol 1.

Shaftesbury, Third Earl of:

Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, ed. L. E. Klein (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Sikes, J. G., Peter Abailard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932).

Silverman, A. The Dialectic of Essence: A Study of Plato's Metaphysics (Princeton University Press, 2002).

Singer, D. W., Giordano Bruno: His Life and Thought (New York , 1950).

Singer, P., Hegel: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Singer, P., Marx:. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Skinner, Q.,. Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Skorupski, J. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Mill (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Sluga, H. D. and Stern, D. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Smith B., (ed.), John Searle (Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Smith, B. and Smith, D. Woodruff (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Smith, J. E., Royce's Social Infinite (1950) (North Haven, CT: Shoe String Press, 1969).

Smith, N. Kemp, A Commentary of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1991).

Soames, S., Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).


see Plato's early dialogues.

Solomon, H., In the Spirit of Hegel: A Study of Hegel's Phenomenology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983).

Solomon, R. (ed.), Phenomenology and Existentialism (1972) (Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield, 2001).

Solomon, R. (ed.), Nietzsche: A Collection of Critical Essays (Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1973).

Sorell, T., Descartes: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Sorell, T., Hobbes (1986) (London: Routledge, Arguments of the Philosophers, 1991).

Sorell, T. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes (Cambridge: Cambridge University. Press, 1996).

Sowell, T., Marxism: Philosophy and Economics (London: Allen & Unwin, 1985).

Spade, P. V., (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ockham (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Spencer, Herbert:

A System of Synthetic Philosophy:

First Principles (1862) reprt (USA: Obscure Press, 2006) [ indeed 'obscure'; diligent research has failed to locate it!].

Principles of Ethics, 2 vols (1892-3), ed. T. R. Machen (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund Inc., 1978).

Principles of Sociology (1876-96); introd. J. H. Turner (Somerset, NJ: Transaction Publications, 2001).

Offer, J. (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Spinoza, Benedict:

Ethics (Ethica ordine de geometrico demonstrata), trans. & ed. S. Shirley (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1992); also Elwes (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1989); and Parkinson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) (a revision of Boyle's translation).

Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect (Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione), trans. S. Shirley (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1992).

Theologico-Political Treatise (Tractatus Theologico-Politicus) trans. S. Shirley & S. Feldman (Indianapolis: Hackett, 2001).

Wernham, A. G. (ed. with introd. & notes), Spinoza: The Political Works (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958).

Sprigge, T. L. S., James and Bradley: American Truth and British Reality (Chicago & La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1994).

Sprigge, T. L. S., Santayana (London: Routledge,. ).

Stace, W. T., The Philosophy of Hegel (1923) (New York: Dover, 1969).

Steiner, G., Heidegger (London: Collins, Fontana, 1978).

Stern, J. P., Nietzsche. (London: Collins, Fontana 1978).

Strawson, G., The Secret Connexion: Realism and David Hume (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Strawson, Peter:

'Determinism' (1963) D. F. Pears (ed.) (1963) (q.v.).

Entity and Identity (1997).

Freedom and Resentment (London: Methuen, 1974).

'In Defense of a Dogma' (1956) (with H. P. Grice) — in H. Feigl et al. (eds) (1949) (q.v.).

Introduction to Logical Theory (London: Methuen, 1952).

Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics (1959), 2nd edition (London: Methuen, 1965).

Logico-Linguistic Papers (London: Methuen, 1971). [Includes 'On Referring' (1950) and 'Truth: a reconsideration of Austin's views' (1965).

'Metaphysics' (1957) (with H. P. Grice & D. F. Pears), in D. F. Pears (ed.) (1966) (q.v.).

Philosophical Logic (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967).

Scepticism and Naturalism — Some Varieties. (London: Routledge, 1987).

The Bounds of Sense (London: Methuen, 1966).

'Truth' (1949) — in D. Macdonald (ed.) (1954) (q.v.).

Stroud, B., Hume (1957) (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981).

Stump, E. and Kretzman, N. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Augustine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Suarez, Francisco:

Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics, trans. with introd. & notes J. P. Doyle (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 40) (Millwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2006).

Metaphysical Disputations (Disputationes metaphysicae):

'On Creation' (secs 20-22), trans. & ed., A. Freddoso, (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005).

'On Efficient Causation' (secs 17-19) trans. & ed., A. Freddoso, (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2005).

'On Formal and Universal Unity', trans. J. F. Ross, (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 15) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date).

'On Good and Evil' (secs 10 & 11), trans. J. J. E. Garcia & D. Davis (Munich & Vienna: Philosophia Verlag, 1989).

'On Individuation', trans. J. J. E. Garcia (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 23) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date).

'On Real Relation' (sec. 47), trans. & introd. J. P. Doyle (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 42) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date).

'On the Beings of Reason', trans. & introd. J. P. Doyle (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 33) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date).

'On the Essence of Finite being as Such, on the Existence of That Essence and Their Distinction' , trans. N. J. Wells (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 24) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date).

'On the Formal Cause of Substance', trans. J. Kronen, J. & J. Reedy (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 36) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2005).

'On the Various Kinds of Distinctions', trans. C. Vollert, S.J. (Mediaeval Texts in Translation, 4) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, ?date ).

On Laws (De Legibus).

Scott, J. B. (ed. with Introd.), Selections (Classics of International Law, 20, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1944; reprint Buffalo, NY: Hein, 1995). [Includes On Laws.]


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Talbot, E. B., The Fundamental Principle of Fichte's Philosophy (New York: Gordon Press Publications, 1977).

Taylor, C., Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).

Taylor, C. and Hansen, M. B. N. (eds), The Cambridge Companion to Merleau-Ponty (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Ten, C. I., Mill on Liberty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).


see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

Thompson, J. B., Critical Hermeneutics: A Study in the Thought of Paul Ricoeur and Jrgen Habermas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Thompson, M., The Pragmatic Philosophy of C. S. Peirce (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1953).

Tiles, J. E., Dewey (London: Routledge, 1988).

Tipton, I. C., Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism London: Methuen, 1974).

Tipton (ed.), I. C., Locke on Human Understanding (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977).

Topazio, V., D'Holbach's Moral Philosophy: Its Background and Development (Geneva: Institut et MusEe Voltaire, 1956).

Tuck, R. Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Turbayne, C. (ed.), Berkeley: Critical and Interpretative Essays (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]


[U] [V]

Urmson, J. O., Berkeley (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1982).

Urvoy, D., Ibn Rushd (London: Routledge, 1991).

Vico, Giambattista:

The New Science (Nuova Scienza, 1725; 3rd edn 1744), trans. T. G. Bergin and M. H. Fisch as The New Science of

Giambattista Vico (1948) (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1948).

Berlin, I., Vico and Herder (London: Hogarth Press and Viking, 1976);

Berlin, I., The Crooked Timber of Humanity (London: Collins, Fontana, 1991).

Burke, P., Vico (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Past Masters, 1985).

Viroli, M., Machiavelli (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Vlastos, G. (ed.), Plato i: Metaphysics and Epistemology; ii: Ethics, Politics, and Philosophy of Art and Religion (New York: Doubleday, 1971).

Vlastos, G., (ed.), Socrates: A Collection of Critical Essays (London: Macmillan, 1972).

Vlastos, G., Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).


[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]



Wachterhauser, B. R. (ed.), Hermeneutics and Modern Philosophy (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986).

Walker, R., Kant (London: Routledge, 1979).

Walker, R. (ed.), Kant on Pure Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982).

Wallis, R., The Neoplatonists (1972) (Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1998).

Wallraff, C. T., Karl Jaspers: An Introduction to his Philosophy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970). 1970).

Warnke, G., Gadamer: Hermeneutics, Tradition and Reason (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987).

Warnock, G. J., J. L. Austin (London: Routledge, 1991).

Warnock, G. J. Berkeley (1952); new edn (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969).

Warnock, G. J., 'Gilbert Ryle', in T. Honderich (ed.) (2005 ) (q.v.).

Warnock, M., The Philosophy of Sartre (London: Hutchinson, 1965).

Watkins, J. W. N., Hobbes's System of Ideas (London: Hutchinson, 1973).

Watling, J., Bertrand Russell (Harlow: Oliver & Boyd, 1970).

Weinsheimer, J. C., Gadamer's Hermeneutics (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985).

Weinstein, D., Equal Freedom and Utility: Herbert Spencer's Liberal Utilitarianism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Weisheipl, J. (ed.), Albertus Magnus and the Sciences: Commemorative Essays (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1980).

Weisheipl, J. Friar Thomas D'Aquino. His Life, Thought, and Works (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1983).

Weiss, B., Michael Dummett. (Oxford: Blackwell, Acumen, 2002)

Welchman, J., Dewey's Ethical Thought (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982)

West, D., An Introduction to Continental Philosophy (Cambridge, MA & Oxford: Blackwell, Polity Press, 1996).

White, A., Schelling: Introduction to the System of Freedom (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983).

White, A. R., Moore, A Critical Exposition (1958) (Westport, CT & London: Greenwood Press, 1979).

White, S., (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Habermas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Whitehead, Alfred:

Adventures of Ideas (1933) (London: Macmillan, 1985).

An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Natural Knowledge (1919) (New York: Dover, 1986).

Modes of Thought (1938) (New York and London: The Free Press, 1985).

Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology (1929); corrected edn, ed. D. R. Griffin and D. W. Sherburne (New York and London: The Free Press, 1978).

Science and the Modern World (1925) (New York and London: The Free Press, 1997).

The Concept of Nature (1920) (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 2004).

Northrop, F. S. C. & M. W. Gross (eds), Alfred North Whitehead: An Anthology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953).

Wickens, G. M. (ed.), Avicenna, Scientist and Philosopher: A Millenary Symposium (London: Luzac Oriental 1952).

Wiener, P. P. & Young, F. H. (eds), Studies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952).

Wilkerson, T. E., Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason': A Commentary for Students (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976).

William of Auvergne:

On the Universe of Creatures (De Universo ), selections trans. R. J. Teske, S.J. (Medieval Philosophical Texts in Translation, 35) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1998).

The Divine Teaching (Magisterium Divinale).

The Immortality of the Soul (De Immortalitate animae), trans. with introd. & notes R. J. Teske, S.J. (Medieval Philosophical Texts in Translation, 30) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1991).

The Soul, trans. R. J. Teske, S.J. (Medieval Philosophical Texts in Translation, 37) (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2001).

The Trinity or the First Principle (De Trinitate), trans. F. C. Wade & R. J.Teske, S.J., with introd. & notes by R. J. Taske, S. J. (Medieval Philosophical Texts in Translation, 28) (Milwaukee, WI:. Marquette University Press, 1989).

William of Ockham:

Commentaries on Peter Lombard's 'Sentences' (Super Quattuor Libros Sententiarum — Questiones, 1495: I, Ordinatio; II-IV, Reportatio).

Compendium of Logic (Summa Totius Logicae, 1488).

Quodlibetal Questions (Quodlibeta Septem, 1487).

Boehner, P. (ed.), Philosophical Writings (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1990); also McKeon (ed.) (1957) (q.v.).

Williams, B., Descartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).

Williams, B., Truth and Truthfulness (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).

Williams T., (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Wilson, M., Descartes (London: Routledge, 1983).

Wiltshire, D., The Social and Political Thought of Herbert Spencer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).

Winkler, K., The Cambridge Companion to Berkeley (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Wippel, J. F., Metaphysical Themes in Thomas Aquinas. (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1995).

Wippel J. F. & Wolter, A., O.F.M. (eds), Medieval Philosophy from St. Augustine to Nicholas of Cusa (New York: The Free Press; London: Collier-Macmillan, 1969).

Wisnovsky, R., Aspects of Avicenna (Princeton, NJ: M. Wiener Publishing, 2002).

Wittgenstein, Ludwig:

Lectures (1930-33), in G. E. Moore (1954/5) (q.v.).

On Certainty (1949-51), ed. G. E. M. Anscombe and G. H. von Wright, trans. D. Paul and G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Blackwell, 1969).

Philosophical Investigations (Philosophische Untersuchungen, 1945-9), trans. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Blackwell, 1958).

The Blue and Brown Books (1933-4) (Oxford: Blackwell, 1958).

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921); revd edn, trans. D. F. Pears & B. F. McGuiness (London: Routledge, 1974).

Wokler, R., Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Wolff (ed.), R. P., Kant: A Collection of Critical Essays (London: Macmillan, 1968).

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[Y] [Z]

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see McKirahan or Kirk, Raven, & Schofield.

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